Masataka Oitate

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Interspecies allometric scaling is a useful tool for calculating human pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters from data in animals. In this study, in order to determine the scaling exponent in a simple allometric equation that can predict human clearance (CL) and distribution volume at steady state (Vss) of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) from monkey data alone, PK(More)
We have previously reported that human total body clearance (CL) and steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) could be predicted reasonably well from monkey data alone using simple allometry with scaling exponents of 0.79 and 1.12 (for soluble targets), and 0.96 and 1.00 (for membrane-bound targets). In the present study, to(More)
CS-8958 is a prodrug of the pharmacologically active form R-125489, a selective neuraminidase inhibitor, and has long-acting anti-influenza virus activity in vivo. In this study, the tissue distribution profiles after a single intranasal administration of CS-8958 (0.5 micromol/kg of body weight) to mice were investigated, focusing especially on the(More)
PURPOSE An anti-HER2 antibody-drug conjugate with a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor, DS-8201a, was generated as a new antitumor drug candidate, and its preclinical pharmacologic profile was assessed. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In vitro and in vivo pharmacologic activities of DS-8201a were evaluated and compared with T-DM1 in several HER2-positive cell lines and(More)
To establish a novel and widely applicable payload-linker technology for antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), we have focused our research on applying exatecan mesylate (DX-8951f), a potent topoisomerase I inhibitor, which exhibits extensive antitumor activity as well as significant myelotoxicity, as the payload part. Through this study, we discovered a(More)
In rats, it has been reported that rofecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, reacts with the aldehyde group of allysine in elastin to give a condensation covalent adduct, thereby preventing the formation of cross-linkages in the elastin and causing degradation of the elastic fibers in aortas in vivo. Acid, organic solvent, and proteolytic enzyme(More)
Rofecoxib is a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor that has been withdrawn from the market because of an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. With a special focus on the arteries, the distribution profiles of radioactivity in rats orally administered [14C]rofecoxib were investigated in comparison with two other COX-2 inhibitors, [14C]celecoxib and(More)
Rofecoxib is a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor that has been withdrawn from the market because of an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. With a special focus on the arteries, the distribution profiles of radioactivity in rats orally administered [C]rofecoxib were investigated in comparison with two other COX-2 inhibitors, [C]celecoxib and(More)
Antibody-drug conjugates deliver anticancer agents selectively and efficiently to tumor tissue and have significant antitumor efficacy with a wide therapeutic window. DS-8201a is a human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeting antibody-drug conjugate prepared using a novel linker-payload system with a potent topoisomerase I inhibitor, exatecan(More)
We have previously reported that oral administration of [(14)C]rofecoxib to rats resulted in the long retention of radioactivity by the aorta as a consequence of covalent binding to elastin. Treatment of rats with alpha-phenyl-alpha-propylbenzeneacetic acid 2-[diethylamino]-ethyl ester hydrochloride (SKF-525A), a cytochrome P450 inhibitor, significantly(More)