Masataka Kishi

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A total of 47 chemical substances including 32 synthetic food additives, seven additives from natural sources, three trihalogenated methanes, two fluoro-compounds for dental use, one insecticide, and two other compounds were subjected to the micronucleus test in mice. Five compounds, i.e. chlorine dioxide, maltol, potassium bromate, sodium chlorite and(More)
Borna disease (BD) is a progressive poliomeningoencephalomyelitis which occurs naturally in horses and sheep. Here, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) derived from 57 healthy horses in Japan were examined by a nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to determine the prevalence of BD virus (BDV) infection. Seventeen (29.8%) of the(More)
BDV naturally infects horses and sheep, and causes sporadic neurological disease. Serological evidence suggests an association of BDV, or a related virus, with specific psychiatric diseases in humans. Here, by using a nested RT-PCR technique, we demonstrate that human BDV RNA is present in the PBMC of psychiatric patients. In an examination of a total of 60(More)
Small GTP-binding proteins of the Rab family play important roles at defined steps of vesicular transport in protein secretion and the endocytosis pathway. In mammals, more than 30 proteins belonging to the Rab family have been reported to date. We report here the molecular cloning and characterization of a novel Rab protein, Rab33B. The amino acid sequence(More)
The objective of this study was to provide an overview of the morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients during the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake. Medical records of 6,107 patients admitted to 95 hospitals (48 affected hospitals within the disaster area and 47 back-up hospitals in the surrounding area) during the initial 15 days after the earthquake were(More)
The aim of this study was to observe the influence of prosthesis design and loading condition on the stress distributions of tooth-implant supported prostheses. Six 2D finite element models, two reference models, and four experimental models were computed to simulate different prosthesis designs. Six different loading conditions were applied to investigate(More)
The genomic structure of Marek's disease virus (MDV) is similar to those of the alphaherpesviruses herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2. Sequence analysis of the junction region between the long component (L) and the short component (S) revealed the existence of an a-like sequence, similar in structure to the a sequence of HSV-1. Further study revealed(More)
The Borna disease virus (BDV) replicates in the nucleus. The viral p40 protein (N), which is found abundantly in the nucleus in BDV-infected cells, may play an important role in virus replication. To analyze the amino acid residues involved in the nuclear targeting of BDV N, a series of eukaryotic expression plasmids encoding deletion mutants of N was(More)
Long-term, persistent infection by HIV-1 is a prerequisite for the development of AIDS. However, little is known of the determinants required for HIV-1 to cause persistence. We have reported previously that persistent infection of a T cell line by a cytopathogenic strain of HIV-1 became increasingly likely with in vitro serial passage of the virus. DNA(More)