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Androgens are essential for prostatic growth and development, but also play a significant role in the pathogenesis of prostate disease. The traditional view that higher testosterone levels represent a risk factor for prostate cancer (PCa) appears to have little evidentiary support. Some studies have described a relationship between lower testosterone levels(More)
Bone metastases occur in approximately 70% of patients with advanced prostate cancer. Skeletal-related events have been correlated with reduced survival and quality of life of patients with prostate cancer. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism (e.g. bone formation, bone resorption, osteoclastogenesis) might meet an unmet need for useful, non-invasive and(More)
Prostate cancer is androgen-dependent, and hormone therapy, mainly achieved by androgen deprivation, has been one of the main treatment modalities in the clinical management of prostate cancer patients for more than six decades. In the 1980s, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists, which reduce testosterone to castration levels, were introduced(More)
Combined androgen blockade is widely used to treat patients with advanced prostate cancer. Recently, zoledronic acid was proven to be effective in preventing skeletal-related events for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. Aim of the present study was to assess the effect of adding zoledronic acid to combined androgen blockade in the treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVES Although several nomograms for prostate cancer detection have been developed for Western populations, the models constructed on Japanese data would be more useful for the Japanese population because of various differences between Western and Asian populations. We previously developed a model for predicting the probability of a positive initial(More)
BACKGROUND Primary aldosteronism is the most common curable cause of secondary hypertension. Despite resection, however, many patients with primary aldosteronism continue to require antihypertensive drugs to control their blood pressure. Although many patients with primary aldosteronism want to know the postoperative probability of hypertension cure before(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the diagnostic accuracy of serum bone turnover markers for detection of bone metastasis in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and to assess the usefulness of these markers as predictors of mortality from PCa. METHODS Serum total alkaline phosphatase, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, carboxy-terminal pyridinoline cross-linked(More)
Bladder function of patients with Parkinson's disease alters significantly: the majority of patients have overactive bladder (urinary urgency/frequency) with little or no post-void residuals. This seems to be the result of an altered brain-bladder relationship, as in Parkinson's disease, the frontal-basal ganglia D1 dopaminergic circuit that normally(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical value of the pretreatment serum testosterone (T) level as a potential predictor of prostate cancer risk in screening for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The subjects were 420 patients suspected of having prostate cancer who underwent prostate biopsy, and whose pretreatment T(More)