Learn More
Acute encephalopathy is the most serious complication of pediatric viral infections, such as influenza and exanthem subitum. It occurs worldwide, but is most prevalent in East Asia, and every year several hundreds of Japanese children are affected by influenza-associated encephalopathy. Mortality has recently declined, but is still high. Many survivors are(More)
High lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels are a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. The risk of elevated Lp(a) concentration is increased significantly in patients who also have high levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. To test the hypothesis that increased plasma levels of Lp(a) may enhance the development of atherosclerosis(More)
AIMS Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in the aging population. LUTS cause profoundly negative impacts on their quality of life. Pathophysiology of LUTS is multifactorial, and recently, bladder ischemia and metabolic syndrome have been suggested as etiological factors. To evaluate chronic hyperlipidemia on bladder function, we examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is proposed to have a variety of adaptive responses against oxidative stress. To examine the function of HO-1 against atherogenesis in vivo, we observed the effects of HO-1 inhibition on atherosclerotic lesion formation in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits (WHHL). Methods and Results- During 4 weeks of a 1%(More)
Enterovirus 68 strains were detected in 14 specimens from children with respiratory tract infections and 1 specimen from a child with febrile convulsions during 2010 in Osaka, Japan. These strains had deletions in the 5' untranslated region and were genetically different from reported strains. This virus is associated with respiratory tract infections in(More)
We measured plasma atrial natriuretic polypeptide concentrations in the umbilical artery and vein, and peripheral veins of healthy children from birth to adolescence to establish the normal range. The plasma atrial natriuretic polypeptide concentration in the umbilical artery (mean +/- SD, 51.0 +/- 21.4 fmol/ml) was significantly higher than that in the(More)
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in children sometimes exacerbates after successful treatment; yet the frequency, etiology, and clinical features of exacerbation remain unclear. We report data for 27 children with HSE confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis; all were successfully treated with acyclovir, but 7 (26%) had a relapse of(More)
BACKGROUND Unstable atherosclerotic plaques that cause acute coronary events usually contain abundant macrophages expressing matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue factor (TF), molecules that probably contribute to plaque rupture and subsequent thrombus formation. Lipid lowering with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors reduces acute coronary events. METHODS(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is frequently deposited in the lesions of the arterial intima; however, the origin and pathological significance of CRP in these lesions are not completely understood. In this study, we measured CRP levels in the plasma of hypercholesterolemic rabbits and investigated CRP expression at both the mRNA and protein levels using rabbit(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a nationwide multicenter study in Japan to elucidate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive partial seizures (AERRPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Clinical and laboratory features, treatment, and outcome were assessed using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS Twenty-nine children(More)