Masashi Nakamura

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NMO-IgG is a disease-specific autoantibody for neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and its target antigen is aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channel. Recently, we established a sensitive anti-AQP4 antibody assay using human AQP4-transfected cells, which appeared more sensitive than the original NMO-IgG assay. So far, there has been no large-scale study on anti-AQP4(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is clinically characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. In Japan, NMO has been named optic-spinal multiple sclerosis (OSMS) and it has been thought to be a subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, several clinical and laboratory findings suggest NMO or OSMS is distinct from MS. Recently, the(More)
The specific aminoacylation of tRNA by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases (TyrRSs) relies on the identity determinants in the cognate tRNA(Tyr)s. We have determined the crystal structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae TyrRS (SceTyrRS) complexed with a Tyr-AMP analog and the native tRNA(Tyr)(GPsiA). Structural information for TyrRS-tRNA(Tyr) complexes is now full-line(More)
BACKGROUND The maintenance of telomeres may be required for long-term proliferation of tumors. Activity of telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein complex that elongates telomeres, has been found in almost all human tumors but not in adjacent normal cells. Several factors which regulate telomere length, TRF1 and 2, TIN2, tankyrase and Rap1, have been identified.(More)
Survivin, a member of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis family, inhibits apoptosis by blocking caspase-3 and -7 activation. Gastric cancer, which is among the most intractable of malignant tumors, is known for resistance to various drugs, including cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP). Since this agent induces apoptosis via caspase-3 activation, survivin may(More)
Structural effects on the rates of formic acid oxidation have been studied on Pd(111), Pd(100), Pd(110), and Pd(S)-[n(100) x (111)] (n = 2-9) electrodes in 0.1 M HClO4 containing 0.1 M formic acid with use of voltammetry. On the low index planes of Pd, the maximum current density of formic acid oxidation (jP) increases in the positive scan as follows:(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a devastating neurologic disease characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. Recently, its disease-specific serum autoantibody, NMO-IgG, was discovered with indirect immunofluorescence. However, the substrates of the immunofluorescence assay were not human but mouse brain tissues, which could influence the(More)
BACKGROUND Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful technique for detecting myocardial fibrosis. LGE images are typically acquired using the inversion recovery (IR) method. Recently, phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) technology has been developed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate free-breathing 3D PSIR(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the potential role of a nuclear transcription factor, early growth response-1 (Egr-1), in formation and progression of gastric cancer, we compared its expression in gastric cancers with that in non-cancerous tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS Egr-1 mRNA expression was measured using TaqMan RT-PCR. The corresponding protein expression(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) traditionally requires the patient to be in the supine position, but diaphragmatic attenuation of the inferior wall reduces test specificity. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of combined MPS in the supine and prone positions using a novel cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) camera. METHODS AND(More)