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Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is clinically characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. In Japan, NMO has been named optic-spinal multiple sclerosis (OSMS) and it has been thought to be a subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, several clinical and laboratory findings suggest NMO or OSMS is distinct from MS. Recently, the(More)
NMO-IgG is a disease-specific autoantibody for neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and its target antigen is aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channel. Recently, we established a sensitive anti-AQP4 antibody assay using human AQP4-transfected cells, which appeared more sensitive than the original NMO-IgG assay. So far, there has been no large-scale study on anti-AQP4(More)
The protein profiles in the cerebrospinal fluid of 10 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), 10 patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), 8 inflammatory disease control patients, and 4 noninflammatory disease control patients were screened by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Peaks of 12.5 kDa were significantly(More)
The specific aminoacylation of tRNA by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases (TyrRSs) relies on the identity determinants in the cognate tRNA(Tyr)s. We have determined the crystal structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae TyrRS (SceTyrRS) complexed with a Tyr-AMP analog and the native tRNA(Tyr)(GPsiA). Structural information for TyrRS-tRNA(Tyr) complexes is now full-line(More)
To demonstrate the psychophysical effect of edge-grain patterns on visual impressions received by human observers, printed images of the edge-grain patterns of 16 species were prepared as well-regulated visual stimuli, and impressions of the patterns on 32 subjects were evaluated using six categories. Image characteristics of the patterns were expressed(More)
Macaranga myrmecophytes (ant-plants) provide their partner symbiotic ants (plant-ants) with food bodies as their main food, and they are protected by the plant-ants from herbivores. The amount of resource allocated to food bodies determines the plant-ant colony size and consequently determines the intensity of ant defense (anti-herbivore defense by(More)
Background Background Diffuse myocardial fibrosis is characteristic feature of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). T1 mapping may enable non-invasive evaluation of diffuse myocardial fibrosis in HCM. There have been many studies that T1 mapping using a modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) sequence. However, there have been few studies using a(More)