Masashi Morooka

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PURPOSE Renal scarring is a serious complication that often occurs with chronic pyelonephritis in the presence of vesicoureteral reflux. In a previous study we established a rat model of renal scarring in which we found the up-regulation of neutrophil-gelatinase associated lipocalin at the mRNA and protein levels. In this study we evaluated urinary(More)
Rotavirus gastroenteritis causes substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide in children. We report three infants with rotavirus gastroenteritis complicated by various severity of gastrointestinal bleeding. Two patients (cases 1 and 2) recovered completely without any specific treatments. One patient (case 3) died despite extensive treatments including a(More)
Five patients suffering from exanthem subitum with thrombocytopenia were confirmed as primary human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection by serological test. All cases had thrombocytopenia during the acute phase of exanthem subitum. The clinical features of these cases were benign, and all recovered without any specific treatment. Moreover, 4 of the 5 cases(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV), human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and 7 (HHV-7) are important pathogens in immunocompromised patients. To elucidate the kinetics of the three β-herpesviruses in saliva and urine samples were collected serially from children with renal diseases. Twenty children with renal diseases were enrolled in this study. A total of 240 saliva and urine(More)
Monitoring of active human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection is important for distinguishing between reactivation and latency of the virus. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) may be a useful tool in order to distinguish active and latent HHV-6 infection. An RT-PCR assay detecting 4 different HHV-6 gene transcripts was established.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate limited sampling designs to estimate the maximal concentration (C(max)) and area under the curve (AUC) of mizoribine in pediatric patients with renal disease. We utilized 48 serum mizoribine concentration profiles obtained from the full (6-point) sampling pharmacokinetic test, and estimated 48 individual C(max) and AUC(More)
The present study aimed to obtain information enabling optimisation of the clinical effect of mizoribine (MZR) in pediatric patients with kidney disease. A total of 105 pediatric patients with kidney disease treated at our institutions were enrolled. Kidney transplant patients were excluded. Population pharmacokinetic analysis of MZR was performed based on(More)
Mizoribine (MZR) is used kidney transplant and various kidney diseases. However, few studies reported the association between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. The Pharmacokinetics Study Group for Pediatric Kidney Disease (PSPKD) used population pharmacokinetics (PPK) analysis and Bayesian analysis to investigate the usefulness of MZR. In this study,(More)
Children with renal diseases are typically treated with immunosuppressive drugs, which place them at high risk of reactivation of the BK virus (BKV). Currently, little is known about the impact of immunosuppressive drugs on the kinetics of urinary shedding of BKV and viral reactivation in pediatric patients with renal diseases. Urine samples were collected(More)