Masashi Matsuyama

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In refractory asthma, neutrophils, rather than eosinophils, often predominate in the airways. Neutrophilic airway inflammation appears to be resistant to steroids and may be related to the Th17, rather than the Th2, cytokine milieu. However, the role of GATA-3 and RORγt, transcription factors for Th2 and Th17 cell differentiation, respectively, in the(More)
Steroid-insensitive asthma is an infrequent but problematic airway disease that presents with persistent symptoms, airflow limitation, or recurrent exacerbations even when treated with steroid-based therapies. Because of unsatisfactory results obtained from currently available therapies for steroid-insensitive asthma, a better understanding of its(More)
Th1 immune responses are thought to be important in protection against intracellular pathogens. T-bet is a critical regulator for Th1 cell differentiation and Th1 cytokine production. The aim of this study was to determine the role of T-bet in host defense against Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection. Wild-type mice, T-bet-deficient mice, and(More)
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is the most common cause of nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in humans. The role of Th17 immunity in the pathogenesis of intracellular bacteria, such as MAC, is not currently understood. Transcription factor RAR-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt) is known as the master regulator for Th17 cell development. Here, we(More)
Effects of a glycoprotein synthesis inhibitor on myelination were investigated in rat cerebellum. The glycoprotein synthesis inhibitor, tunicamycin (TM), was injected intracranially into newborn rats. The activity of 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase) in the cerebellum was significantly reduced in 2-week-old animals and was restored to(More)
The effects of the protein glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin on the postnatal development of the rat cerebellum were examined in vivo. Tunicamycin (0.2 micrograms) was injected intracranially into 1-day-old rats. Inhibition of glycosylation of the macromolecules in the cerebellum by tunicamycin treatment was suggested by a reduced incorporation of(More)
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