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The genome of Aspergillus oryzae, a fungus important for the production of traditional fermented foods and beverages in Japan, has been sequenced. The ability to secrete large amounts of proteins and the development of a transformation system have facilitated the use of A. oryzae in modern biotechnology. Although both A. oryzae and Aspergillus flavus belong(More)
While the genetic control of renal branching morphogenesis has been extensively described, the cellular basis of this process remains obscure. GDNF/RET signaling is required for ureter and kidney development, and cells lacking Ret are excluded from the tips of the branching ureteric bud in chimeric kidneys. Here, we find that this exclusion results from(More)
The genome sequence of Aspergillus oryzae, a fungus used in the production of the traditional Japanese fermentation foods sake (rice wine), shoyu (soy sauce), and miso (soybean paste), has revealed prominent features in its gene composition as compared to those of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Neurospora crassa. The A. oryzae genome is extremely enriched(More)
Quorum sensing is a regulatory system for controlling gene expression in response to increasing cell density. N-Acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) is produced by gram-negative bacteria, which use it as a quorum-sensing signal molecule. Serratia marcescens is a gram-negative opportunistic pathogen which is responsible for an increasing number of serious nosocomial(More)
YOR068c, termed VAM10 (altered vacuole morphology), lies within the VPS5 gene on the opposite DNA strand. VAM10 deletion causes vacuole fragmentation in vivo. The in vitro fusion of purified yeast vacuoles is stimulated by recombinant Vam10p and blocked by antibody to Vam10p. Vam10p acts early in the priming stage of fusion, independent of Sec18p. After(More)
An unresolved question concerns the nuclear localization of the heterotrimeric CCAAT-binding complex, which is evolutionarily conserved in eukaryotic organisms including fungi, plants and mammals. All three subunits are necessary for DNA binding. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans the corresponding complex was designated AnCF (A.nidulans(More)
Tumor microenvironment is characterized by chronic inflammation represented by infiltrating leukocytes and soluble mediators, which lead to a local and systemic immunosuppression associated with cancer progression. Here, we used the ret transgenic spontaneous murine melanoma model that mimics human melanoma. Skin tumors and metastatic lymph nodes showed(More)
The catalytic and signaling activities of RET, a receptor-type tyrosine kinase, are regulated by the autophosphorylation of several tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic region of RET. Some studies have revealed a few possible autophosphorylation sites of RET by [(32)P]phosphopeptide mapping or by using specific anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies. To ultimately(More)
Histidine-to-Aspartate (His-Asp) phosphorelay (or two-component) systems are common signal transduction mechanisms implicated in a wide variety of cellular responses to environmental stimuli in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. For a model filamentous fungi, Aspergillus nidulans, in this study we first compiled a complete list of His-Asp phosphorelay(More)
AmyR is a Zn(II)(2)Cys(6) transcriptional activator that regulates expression of the amylolytic genes in Aspergillus species. Subcellular localization studies of GFP-fused AmyR in A. nidulans revealed that the fusion protein preferentially localized to the nucleus in response to isomaltose, the physiological inducer of the amylolytic genes. The C-terminal(More)