Learn More
BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to establish an equation to estimate mortality with the use of the prediction scoring system designated as the Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS), and to evaluate the system's usefulness in defining quality of care by comparing it with the Physiologic and Operative Severity Score for the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although follistatin is known to be a positive regulator in liver regeneration after hepatectomy, the effects of follistatin on regeneration following portal occlusion and on tumor growth are not known. METHODOLOGY In experiment 1, rats were injected with follistatin immediately following 70% hepatic resection (HR), ligation of the left(More)
BACKGROUND Th1/Th2 cell balance is thought to be shifted toward a Th2-type immune response not only by malignancy but also by surgical stress. The aim of this study was to estimate perioperative immune responses with respect to the Th1/Th2 balance in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS Ninety-four patients who underwent abdominal surgeries were(More)
Oncogenic gene mutations observed in lung adenocarcinomas, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS, have some predictive value for chemotherapeutic drugs or EGFR–tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, the influence of these gene alterations on patients’ prognosis remains controversial. We retrospectively analyzed the tumors of 180 patients(More)
Downstream activation through receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) plays important roles in carcinogenesis. In this study, we assessed the clinical involvement of Axl, an RTK, and its ligand, Gas6, in surgically treated lung adenocarcinoma. Axl and Gas6 mRNA and protein expression levels were quantified using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and(More)
BACKGROUND The overexpression of receptor tyrosine kinase EphA2 has been reported in various cancers. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a positive correlation has been reported between high EphA2 immunohistochemical staining level and poor prognosis. However, its ligand, ephrin-A1, is supposed to act as a tumor suppressor via the kinase activity of(More)
A number of studies have investigated whether the activity levels of enzymes involved in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolism are prognostic factors for survival in patients with colorectal carcinoma. Most reports have examined thymidylate synthetase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) in unresectable or metastatic cases, therefore it is unclear(More)
To clarify the correlation of genomic alterations with clinical and histological features, we performed metaphase comparative genomic hybridization analysis on 20 primary cutaneous melanomas, which were obtained by laser capture or manual microdissection, and 16 melanoma cell lines. There were no differences in the average number of aberrations between(More)
A total of 902 surgical patients with peptic ulcer disease were evaluated to clarify the effects of H2-receptor antagonists and endoscopic hemostasis on surgical treatment. Following the introduction of these treatments to our institute in 1982, the number of operations performed annually decreased by 40%, or 36 cases per year. However, a remarkable(More)
BACKGROUND The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is aberrantly activated in various cancers. Expression of the GLI family of genes, which encode for transcriptional factors of the Hh pathway, has not been fully assessed in clinical samples of advanced lung adenocarcinoma. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the expression of the GLI family of genes in(More)