Masashi Ishikawa

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BACKGROUND Sitagliptin is a DPP-4 inhibitor that became available for use in Japan three years ago. This study was conducted to identify the pleiotropic effects of sitagliptin other than blood glucose lowering in Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS A retrospective, observational study of 940 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients was conducted.(More)
UNLABELLED (J Diabetes Invest, doi: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00221.x, 2012) Aims/Introduction:  To determine the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin monotherapy and combination therapy in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients after 3 months' therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS   A retrospective, observational study of 741 type 2 diabetes patients was carried out;(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the efficacy of switching from insulin to the GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS The subjects were 231 outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus being treated with liraglutide for the first time. For 161 patients, liraglutide was continued for 24 weeks (continuation group), and for 70(More)
The two most common forms of chronic pain are inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanisms of these pain conditions and their therapeutic responses are poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) negatively regulate cell genes, and thus control cell proliferation, inflammation and metabolism. In the present study, we examined(More)
BACKGROUND Th1/Th2 cell balance is thought to be shifted toward a Th2-type immune response not only by malignancy but also by surgical stress. The aim of this study was to estimate perioperative immune responses with respect to the Th1/Th2 balance in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS Ninety-four patients who underwent abdominal surgeries were(More)
The electrochemical and structural properties of the electrical double layers for two-component electrolytes were studied by Monte Carlo simulations using simple models. When the electrolyte contains two species of cations that have different diameters, the capacitance on the cathode dramatically increases as a large negative potential is applied. This(More)
We report five serial cases of ciliated muconodular papillary tumor (CMPT) of the lung. CMPT is characterized as a low-grade malignant tumor with ciliated columnar epithelial cells combined with goblet cells, typically presenting as peripheral lung tumor and often causing diagnostic or therapeutic problems. In the cases described here, all patients(More)
BACKGROUND Ipragliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor that can improve glycemic control and reduce body weight and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin in the real-world clinical setting, with a focus on the changes of body composition up to 3 months of(More)
Commonly used anesthetics adversely affect the developing brain, but the mechanisms remain unknown. We previously showed that the expressions of microRNAs (miRNAs) in major organs are affected by anesthetics. Therefore, we used TaqMan low-density array (TLDA) to analyze gene expression in the hippocampus of neonatal rats exposed to sevoflurane and performed(More)