Masashi Ishikawa

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BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to establish an equation to estimate mortality with the use of the prediction scoring system designated as the Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS), and to evaluate the system's usefulness in defining quality of care by comparing it with the Physiologic and Operative Severity Score for the(More)
Downstream activation through receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) plays important roles in carcinogenesis. In this study, we assessed the clinical involvement of Axl, an RTK, and its ligand, Gas6, in surgically treated lung adenocarcinoma. Axl and Gas6 mRNA and protein expression levels were quantified using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and(More)
BACKGROUND V-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) mutations are attractive molecular targets for cancer treatment. Detection of BRAF gene mutation and analyses in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are of great scientific interest. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study included 581 NSCLC patients (377 males, 204 female) undergoing pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND The overexpression of receptor tyrosine kinase EphA2 has been reported in various cancers. In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a positive correlation has been reported between high EphA2 immunohistochemical staining level and poor prognosis. However, its ligand, ephrin-A1, is supposed to act as a tumor suppressor via the kinase activity of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although follistatin is known to be a positive regulator in liver regeneration after hepatectomy, the effects of follistatin on regeneration following portal occlusion and on tumor growth are not known. METHODOLOGY In experiment 1, rats were injected with follistatin immediately following 70% hepatic resection (HR), ligation of the left(More)
The identification of genes that participate in melanomagenesis should suggest strategies for developing therapeutic modalities. We used a public array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) database and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) analyses to identify the AMP kinase (AMPK)-related kinase NUAK2 as a candidate gene for melanomagenesis, and we analyzed(More)
The DBA/2J strain is a model for early-onset, progressive hearing loss in humans, as confirmed in the present study. DBA/2J mice showed progression of hearing loss to low-frequency sounds from ultrasonic-frequency sounds and profound hearing loss at all frequencies before 7 months of age. It is known that the early-onset hearing loss of DBA/2J mice is(More)
Oncogenic gene mutations observed in lung adenocarcinomas, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS, have some predictive value for chemotherapeutic drugs or EGFR–tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, the influence of these gene alterations on patients’ prognosis remains controversial. We retrospectively analyzed the tumors of 180 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Th1/Th2 cell balance is thought to be shifted toward a Th2-type immune response not only by malignancy but also by surgical stress. The aim of this study was to estimate perioperative immune responses with respect to the Th1/Th2 balance in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS Ninety-four patients who underwent abdominal surgeries were(More)
A number of studies have investigated whether the activity levels of enzymes involved in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolism are prognostic factors for survival in patients with colorectal carcinoma. Most reports have examined thymidylate synthetase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) in unresectable or metastatic cases, therefore it is unclear(More)