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In contrast to peripheral lymphoid organs, a high percentage of T cells in the liver are CD4+NKT cells. We asked whether adhesion molecules play any role in the accumulation of CD4+NKT cells in the liver. Liver CD4+NKT cells expressed ICAM-1 and high levels of LFA-1. In the livers of LFA-1-deficient mice, the number of CD4+NKT cells was markedly decreased.(More)
To elucidate the relationship between the virulence of intracellular bacterium and its ability to induce 3'/8 T cells in the host during infection, we examined the differences in appearance of 3'/8 T cells in mice infected with Salmonella choleraesuis virulent strain RF-1 carrying a virulence plasmid of 50 kb, and with avirulent strain 31N-1 cured of the(More)
In contrast to peripheral lymphoid organs, in the liver a high proportion of T cells are CD4+NKT cells. We have previously reported that LFA-1 plays a pivotal role in the homing of thymic CD4+NKT cells to the liver. In the present study, we further assessed which cell type participates in the homing of thymic CD4+NKT cells to the liver. The accumulation of(More)
Unconstrained development of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-secreting natural killer (NK) cells and T helper (Th) 1 cells is central to protection against Listeria monocytogenes. In contrast, interleukin 4 (IL-4) is considered harmful. IL-12 produced by infected macrophages promotes, and IL-4 interferes with, protective antilisterial immunity. The liver NK T(More)
The effect on mouse typhoid infection of a 3-day treatment of female virgin mice with 1 mg/day of female sex hormones (estrogen or progesterone), maintaining the same hormonal levels observed in pregnant mice for 30 days, was investigated in order to clarify the mechanisms of altered resistance during pregnancy. Estrogen-exposed mice were more susceptible(More)
The phenotypic and functional changes of glycolipid presented by CD1d(glycolipid/CD1d) specific Valpha14+ T cells in the liver of mice at early stages of bacterial infection were investigated. After Listeria monocytogenes infection or interleukin-12 (IL-12) treatment, alpha-galactosylceramide/CD1d tetramer-reactive (alpha-GalCer/CD1d+) T cells coexpressing(More)
Numerous microbial pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, enter the host through the intestine. Although relatively little is known about the biological functions of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (i-IEL), they are generally considered a first line of defense against intestinal infections. In the mouse, the vast majority of i-IEL express the(More)