Masashi Emoto

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To elucidate the relationship between the virulence of intracellular bacterium and its ability to induce 3'/8 T cells in the host during infection, we examined the differences in appearance of 3'/8 T cells in mice infected with Salmonella choleraesuis virulent strain RF-1 carrying a virulence plasmid of 50 kb, and with avirulent strain 31N-1 cured of the(More)
Unconstrained development of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-secreting natural killer (NK) cells and T helper (Th) 1 cells is central to protection against Listeria monocytogenes. In contrast, interleukin 4 (IL-4) is considered harmful. IL-12 produced by infected macrophages promotes, and IL-4 interferes with, protective antilisterial immunity. The liver NK T(More)
Numerous microbial pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, enter the host through the intestine. Although relatively little is known about the biological functions of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (i-IEL), they are generally considered a first line of defense against intestinal infections. In the mouse, the vast majority of i-IEL express the(More)
The phenotypic and functional changes of glycolipid presented by CD1d(glycolipid/CD1d) specific Valpha14+ T cells in the liver of mice at early stages of bacterial infection were investigated. After Listeria monocytogenes infection or interleukin-12 (IL-12) treatment, alpha-galactosylceramide/CD1d tetramer-reactive (alpha-GalCer/CD1d+) T cells coexpressing(More)
Macrophages (Mφ) play a pivotal role in the protection system by recognizing and eliminating invading pathogenic bacteria. Phagocytosis and the killing of invading bacteria are major effector functions of Mφ. Although the phagocytic and bactericidal activities of Mφ have been analyzed via several methods using a light microscope, a fluorescence microscope,(More)
Human E-cadherin and listeriolysin O (LLO) are involved in invasion of Listeria monocytogenes into human liver parenchymal cells (LPC). Yet, it remains to be determined whether murine E-cadherin and LLO participate in invasion of L. monocytogenes into murine LPC. In the present study, involvement of murine E-cadherin and LLO in invasion of L. monocytogenes(More)
The invariant (i) natural killer (NK)T cells represent a unique subset of T lymphocytes which express the V alpha 14 chain of the T cell receptor (TCR), that recognizes glycolipid antigens presented by the nonpolymorphic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-like antigen presentation molecule CD1d, and they participate in protection against some(More)