Masashi Chonan

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BACKGROUND The prognosis of glioblastoma (GBM) remains poor; therefore, effective therapeutic strategies need to be developed. CD40 is a costimulatory molecule whose agonistic antibody has been shown to activate antitumor effects. Recently, CD40 has been extensively targeted for immunotherapeutic purposes. METHODS Expressions of CD40/CD40L mRNAs were(More)
A 3-year-old boy with Williams syndrome associated with supravalvular aortic stenosis was admitted to our hospital with disturbance of consciousness and a 2-month history of truncal ataxia. T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with contrast medium showed a heterogeneously enhanced tumor in the right cerebellum with severe hydrocephalus. The patient(More)
A 60 year-old woman, who had a 45-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome, presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured aneurysm at the anterior wall of the non-branching site of the right internal carotid artery. She underwent radical surgery on the day of onset. In light of the possibility of(More)
OBJECT Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) is an effective drug delivery method that delivers high concentrations of drugs directly into the targeted lesion beyond the blood-brain barrier. However, the drug distribution attained using CED has not satisfactorily covered the entire targeted lesion in tumors such as glioma. Recently, the efficacy of ultrasound(More)
Glioblastoma is the most malignant human brain tumor and has a dismal prognosis; however, some patients show long-term survival. The interaction between the costimulatory molecule OX40 and its ligand OX40L generates key signals for T-cell activation. The augmentation of this interaction enhances antitumor immunity. In this present study, we explored whether(More)
Gefitinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Clinical trials have reported its effectiveness in the treatment of brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer by overcoming the blood–brain barrier. Gefitinib is generally regarded as a relatively safe agent, and several reports have described its efficacy in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant brain tumors in adults and has a dismal prognosis. In a previous report, we reported that CD40, a TNF-R-related cell surface receptor, and its ligand CD40L were associated with glioma outcomes. Here we attempted to activate CD40 signaling in the tumor and determine if it exerted therapeutic efficacy. (More)
We report a rare case of brain metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma with intracerebral hemorrhage. A 79-year-old woman presented with sudden headache and monoplegia of the right upper limb 10 years after diagnosis of thyroid papillary adenocarcinoma. Despite the known metastatic lesions in the cervical lymph nodes and lungs, she had been well for 10(More)
A 48-year-old woman experienced sudden onset of severe headache. Computed tomography showed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hematoma in the right frontal lobe. Digital subtraction angiography revealed three aneurysms in the anterior communicating artery (AcomA), the right posterior communicating artery (PcomA), and the right middle cerebral(More)
The neurotrophic hepatocyte growth factor attenuates CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity BENKHOUCHA, Mahdia, et al. BENKHOUCHA, Mahdia, et al. The neurotrophic hepatocyte growth factor attenuates CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity. CD40/CD40L expression correlates with the survival of patients with glioblastomas and an augmentation in CD40 signaling(More)