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stresses lead to a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes that adversely affect plant growth and productivity (Wang et al. 2001). To ensure their integrity and survival, plants have evolved a number of defense strategies to cope with various abiotic stresses. One such approach adopted by plants to counteract osmotic(More)
When grafting or wounding disconnects stem tissues, new tissues are generated to restore the lost connection. In this study, the molecular mechanism of such healing was elucidated in injured stems of Arabidopsis. Soon after the inflorescence stems were incised, the pith cells started to divide. This process was strongly inhibited by the elimination of(More)
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) hypocotyls were cut to one-half of their diameter transversely, and morphological and histochemical analyses of the process of tissue reunion in the cortex were performed. Cell division in the cortex commenced 3 d after cutting, and the cortex was nearly fully united within 7 d. 4',6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole staining and(More)
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) hypocotyls were transversely cut to half their diameter, and morphological analyses of the tissue-reunion process in the cortex were conducted to elucidate the involvement of root-derived factors. Cell division in the cortex commenced 3 days after cutting, and the cortex was nearly fully united within 7 days. In shoots from(More)
Interactions among the functionally specialized organs of higher plants ensure that the plant body develops and functions properly in response to changing environmental conditions. When an incision or grafting procedure interrupts the original organ or tissue connection, cell division is induced and tissue reunion occurs to restore physiological(More)
Small peptides act as local signals during plant development, but few studies have examined their interaction with phytohormone signaling. Here, we show that application of gibberellin (GA) to Arabidopsis shoots induces substantial accumulation of transcripts encoded by CLE6, a member of the CLAVATA/ESR-RELATED (CLE) gene family, in the root stele, followed(More)
We have isolated and characterized rat cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE)11A, which exhibits properties of a dual-substrate PDE, and its splice variants (RNPDE11A2, RNPDE11A3, and RNPDE11A4). The deduced amino-acid sequence of the longest form of rat PDE11A splice variant, RNPDE11A4, was 94% identical with that of the human variant (HSPDE11A4). Rat(More)
The micropylar region of endosperm in a seed, which is adjacent to the radicle tip, is called the 'endosperm cap', and is specifically activated before radicle emergence. This activation of the endosperm cap is a widespread phenomenon among species and is a prerequisite for the completion of germination. To understand the mechanisms of endosperm(More)
In dicots, iron (Fe) is acquired from the soil by IRT1 (IRON-REGULATED TRANSPORTER 1) and FRO2 (FERRIC REDUCTION OXIDASE 2) that are localized at the root epidermis. IRT1 and FRO2 expression is induced by local and systemic signals under Fe-deficient conditions in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, the expression of IRT1, FRO2, bHLH038 and bHLH39 (the(More)
In this study the relationship between blue light- and brassinosteroid-enhanced leaf lamina bending and unrolling in rice was investigated. Twenty-four hours (h) irradiation with white or blue light increased endogenous brassinosteroid levels, especially those of typhasterol and castasterone, in aerial tissues of rice seedlings. There was an accompanying(More)