Masashi Asahina

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When grafting or wounding disconnects stem tissues, new tissues are generated to restore the lost connection. In this study, the molecular mechanism of such healing was elucidated in injured stems of Arabidopsis. Soon after the inflorescence stems were incised, the pith cells started to divide. This process was strongly inhibited by the elimination of(More)
Glycine betaine (GB) is an important compatible solute that protects plants against the damaging effects of abiotic stresses. A number of plants have been engineered to contain genes of the GB biosynthetic pathway, which confers enhanced tolerance to a range of abiotic stresses during various plant developmental stages. Unlike natural accumulators, the(More)
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) hypocotyls were cut to one-half of their diameter transversely, and morphological and histochemical analyses of the process of tissue reunion in the cortex were performed. Cell division in the cortex commenced 3 d after cutting, and the cortex was nearly fully united within 7 d. 4',6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole staining and(More)
Interactions among the functionally specialized organs of higher plants ensure that the plant body develops and functions properly in response to changing environmental conditions. When an incision or grafting procedure interrupts the original organ or tissue connection, cell division is induced and tissue reunion occurs to restore physiological(More)
In dicots, iron (Fe) is acquired from the soil by IRT1 (IRON-REGULATED TRANSPORTER 1) and FRO2 (FERRIC REDUCTION OXIDASE 2) that are localized at the root epidermis. IRT1 and FRO2 expression is induced by local and systemic signals under Fe-deficient conditions in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, the expression of IRT1, FRO2, bHLH038 and bHLH39 (the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in developmental programmes of plants, including seed germination and post-germination. Here, we provide evidence that two different miRNA pathways, miR156 and miR172, interact during the post-germination stages in Arabidopsis. Mutant seedlings expressing miR156-resistant SQUAMOSA PROMOTER-BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE13 (mSPL13),(More)
Germination and early seedling development are critical for successful stand establishment of plants. Following germination, the cotyledons, which are derived from embryonic tissue, emerge from the seed. Arabidopsis seedlings at post-germinative stages are supported mainly by the supply of nutrition from the cotyledons until vegetative leaves emerge and(More)
We have isolated and characterized rat cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE)11A, which exhibits properties of a dual-substrate PDE, and its splice variants (RNPDE11A2, RNPDE11A3, and RNPDE11A4). The deduced amino-acid sequence of the longest form of rat PDE11A splice variant, RNPDE11A4, was 94% identical with that of the human variant (HSPDE11A4). Rat(More)
Small peptides act as local signals during plant development, but few studies have examined their interaction with phytohormone signaling. Here, we show that application of gibberellin (GA) to Arabidopsis shoots induces substantial accumulation of transcripts encoded by CLE6, a member of the CLAVATA/ESR-RELATED (CLE) gene family, in the root stele, followed(More)
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) hypocotyls were transversely cut to half their diameter, and morphological analyses of the tissue-reunion process in the cortex were conducted to elucidate the involvement of root-derived factors. Cell division in the cortex commenced 3 days after cutting, and the cortex was nearly fully united within 7 days. In shoots from(More)