Masashi Aoyama

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We previously reported that insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2)-deficient mice develop diabetes as a result of insulin resistance in the liver and failure of beta-cell hyperplasia. In this study we introduced the IRS-2 gene specifically into the liver of Irs2(-/-) mice with adenovirus vectors. Glucose tolerance tests revealed that the IRS-2 restoration in(More)
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-2(-/-) mice develop diabetes because of insulin resistance in the liver and failure to undergo beta-cell hyperplasia. Here we show by DNA chip microarray analysis that expression of the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1 gene, a downstream target of insulin, was paradoxically increased in 16-week-old(More)
Acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) enzymes catalyze the final step in mammalian triglyceride synthesis, and their functions are considered to be involved in the mechanisms of obesity, insulin resistance, and leptin resistance. Insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2)-deficient mice exhibit obesity-associated with hypertrophic adipocytes and leptin(More)
Newer therapeutic strategies for the treatment of multiple myeloma have focused on antagonizing the growth-promoting functions of interleukin 6 (IL-6). In this study, we examined the antitumor effects of two mechanistically different microtubule poisons, Taxol and vinblastine, in U266 human myeloma cells and determined whether IL-6 altered these effects.(More)
Regulation of topoisomerase II (TOPO II) isozymes alpha and beta is influenced by the growth and transformation state of cells. Using HL-60 cells induced to differentiate by all-trans retinoic acid (RA), we have investigated the expression and regulation of TOPO II isozymes as well as the levels of topoisomerase I (TOPO I). During RA-induced differentiation(More)
Topoisomerase II (topo II), an enzyme essential for cell viability, is present in mammalian cells as the alpha- and beta-isoforms. In human leukemia HL-60/S or HL-60/doxorubicin (DOX)0.05 cells, the levels of topo IIalpha- or beta-protein were similar in either asynchronous exponential or synchronized cultures. Although topo IIalpha was hypophosphorylated(More)
Topoisomerase II (topo II), an essential enzyme for cell viability, is also the target for clinically important anti-neoplastic agents that stimulate topo II-mediated DNA scission. The role of alterations in topo IIalpha phosphorylation and its effect on drug-induced DNA damage and cytotoxicity were investigated. Following loading of HL-60 cells with the(More)
The cell cycle phase-dependent induction of DNA damage and apoptosis by etoposide (VP-16) and its modulation by 1-[N,O-bis(1, 5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-l-tyrosyl]-4-piperazine (KN-62), an inhibitor of calcium-calmodulin-dependent enzymes, were examined in sensitive (HL-60/S) and VP-16-resistant (HL-60/DOX0.05) HL-60 cells. Cells from(More)
18 beta-Glycyrrhetic acid (GA, an aglycone of glycyrrhizin) is converted to 3-oxo-18 beta-glycyrrhetic acid (3-oxoGA) in the presence of NADP+ by rat liver homogenates, but GA was converted in the presence of NADPH to two other metabolites showing lower Rf values on thin-layer chromatography (TLC) than those of GA and 3-oxoGA by postmitochondrial(More)
Isao Watanabe,∗1 Megumi Akosima,∗2 Masashi Aoyama,∗2 Yoji Koike,∗2 Seiko Ohira,∗1,∗3,∗4 Wataru Higemoto,∗4 and Kanetada Nagamine∗1,∗4 ∗1 Muon Science Laboratory, RIKEN ∗2 Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University ∗3 Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo ∗4 Meson Science Laboratory,(More)