Masaru Yamaoka

Learn More
Production of 2,3-butanediol by Bacillus subtilis takes place in late-log or stationary phase, depending on the expression of bdhA gene encoding acetoin reductase, which converts acetoin to 2,3-butanediol. The present work focuses on the development of a strain of B. subtilis for enhanced production of 2,3-butanediol in early log phase of growth cycle. For(More)
BACKGROUND A stereoisomer of inositol, scyllo-inositol, is known as a promising therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease, since it prevents the accumulation of beta-amyloid deposits, a hallmark of the disease. However, this compound is relatively rare in nature, whereas another stereoisomer of inositol, myo-inositol, is abundantly available. RESULTS(More)
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) is a useful method in evaluating auditory function in human. To investigate the ABR threshold is more effective than to pursue the trends in each component of ABR. In this study, tone burst sound stimuli were employed and the ABR threshold shift caused by kanamycin administration was investigated in dogs. In a series of(More)
Patients with low-back pain can be evaluated immediately by means of an electrical tool that produces bony vibration to the lumbar spinal processes (Yrjama M, Vanharanta H. Bony vibrotactile stimulation: A new, non-invasive method for examining intradiscal pain. European Spine Journal 1994;3:233-235). In the rehabilitation of masticatory disturbance and(More)
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the process to utilize digested slurry from methane fermentation as a fertilizer were calculated with actual operational data from a methane fermentation plant and the effects were verified by introducing the process into a field system. The results indicated that the total emissions from the utilization of digested(More)
Evaluating periodontal tissue condition is an important diagnostic parameter in periodontal disease. Noncontact electromagnetic vibration device (NEVD) was previously developed to monitor this condition using mechanical parameters. However, this system requires accelerometer on the target tooth. This study assessed application of laser displacement sensor(More)
In this study, we evaluated the feasibility for the use of digested slurry from livestock manure (hereafter, slurry) in paddy fields through field experiments conducted in Southern Vietnam. The pouring method for slurry was used, and a vacuum truck was used for transportation and pouring of the slurry. A prototype slurry tanker was manufactured for(More)
We previously found that the greatest salivation response in healthy human subjects is produced by facial vibrotactile stimulation of 89 Hz frequency with 1.9 μ m amplitude (89 Hz-S), as reported by Hiraba et al. (2012, 20011, and 2008). We assessed relationships between the blood flow to brain via functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in the(More)
Based on area P lesion experiments, we hypothesized that tongue protrusion adapted for licking might be regulated by the lateral wall of the presylvian sulcus (bilateral areas P) of the cerebral cortex (Hiraba H, Sato T, Nakakawa K, Ueda K. 2009. Cortical control of appropriate tongue protrusion during licking in cats--Increase in regional cerebral blood(More)
We studied changes in orofacial behavior and the arrangement of bilateral hypoglossal nuclei after the neurectomy of the medial branch of the unilateral hypoglossal nerve in cats. After recovery from surgery in a head holder, the animals were acclimated to take and chew fish paste (1.8 g) from a spoon and lick milk from a wetted paintbrush. Next we(More)
  • 1