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Lipid binding activities of the P2 protein in peripheral nerve myelin were examined using retinoic acid, retinol and oleic acid as ligands. The P2 protein showed the specific binding affinity to both of retinoic acid and retinol. The binding site of these ligands was suggested to be similar. In addition, the high binding activity of the P2 protein with(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the capability of breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and mammography in determining tumor extent and the detectability of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in association with histopathological features. Thirty women with breast cancer underwent 3D dynamic MRI. Twelve women had pure DCIS and 18 women had DCIS with(More)
BACKGROUND The major sites of obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are small airways (<2 mm in diameter). We wanted to determine whether there was a relationship between small-airway obstruction and emphysematous destruction in COPD. METHODS We used multidetector computed tomography (CT) to compare the number of airways measuring(More)
Curcumin, a yellow pigment obtained from turmeric (Curcumina longa), is a dietary polyphenol that has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The effect of curcumin against the development of pulmonary emphysema in animal models is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether curcumin is able to attenuate the(More)
RATIONALE The relatively sparse but diverse microbiome in human lungs may become less diverse in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This article examines the relationship of this microbiome to emphysematous tissue destruction, number of terminal bronchioles, infiltrating inflammatory cells, and host gene expression. METHODS Culture-independent(More)
BACKGROUND It remains unclear whether sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) have an advantage over bare metal stents (BMS) in patients on dialysis. METHODS AND RESULTS Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using SES was performed in 54 dialysis patients with 69 lesions. A control group for comparison comprised 54 consecutive dialysis patients with 58 lesions(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease consisting of emphysema, small airway obstruction, and/or chronic bronchitis that results in significant loss of lung function over time. In order to gain insights into the molecular pathways underlying progression of emphysema and explore computational strategies for identifying COPD(More)
Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP) is a novel diagnostic marker for myocardial infarction, but its prognostic value has not been established in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine the value of qualitative analysis of h-FABP for predicting 30-day adverse events in patients with ACS. A retrospective observational(More)
AIM Although computed tomography (CT) signs of ischaemia, including loss of boundary (LOB) between grey matter and white matter and cortical sulcal effacement, in cardiac arrest (CA) survivors are known, their temporal profile and prognostic significance remains unclear; their clarification is necessary. METHODS Brain CT scans were obtained immediately(More)
Inhalation injury has recently emerged as the major cause of mortality in burn patients. However, the prognostic value of inhalation injury has not been thoroughly assessed in Japanese burn facilities. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of inhalation injury on burn patients' mortality in Tokyo. Of 6416 patients admitted to 13 burn(More)