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BACKGROUND The major sites of obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are small airways (<2 mm in diameter). We wanted to determine whether there was a relationship between small-airway obstruction and emphysematous destruction in COPD. METHODS We used multidetector computed tomography (CT) to compare the number of airways measuring(More)
Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP) is a novel diagnostic marker for myocardial infarction, but its prognostic value has not been established in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine the value of qualitative analysis of h-FABP for predicting 30-day adverse events in patients with ACS. A retrospective observational(More)
Curcumin, a yellow pigment obtained from turmeric (Curcumina longa), is a dietary polyphenol that has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The effect of curcumin against the development of pulmonary emphysema in animal models is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether curcumin is able to attenuate the(More)
RATIONALE The relatively sparse but diverse microbiome in human lungs may become less diverse in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This article examines the relationship of this microbiome to emphysematous tissue destruction, number of terminal bronchioles, infiltrating inflammatory cells, and host gene expression. METHODS Culture-independent(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease consisting of emphysema, small airway obstruction, and/or chronic bronchitis that results in significant loss of lung function over time. In order to gain insights into the molecular pathways underlying progression of emphysema and explore computational strategies for identifying COPD(More)
BACKGROUND It remains unclear whether sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) have an advantage over bare metal stents (BMS) in patients on dialysis. METHODS AND RESULTS Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using SES was performed in 54 dialysis patients with 69 lesions. A control group for comparison comprised 54 consecutive dialysis patients with 58 lesions(More)
Toshiba submitted six runs in the NTCIR crosslingual task. Our basic approach was translation of Japanese search requests into English using a commercial machine translation system. Runs TSB1, TSB5 and TSB6 used the AS-TRANSAC machine translation system, while, for comparison , TSB3 used queries manually constructed by a bilingual. TSB2 is TSB1 plus local(More)
AIM Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a relatively common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Early identification of SAH-induced OHCA with the use of brain computed tomography (CT) scan obtained immediately after resuscitation may help emergency physicians make therapeutic decision as quickly as they can. METHODS During the 4-year(More)
BACKGROUND We encountered eight early amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients (early MCI group) who did not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for aMCI. We compared the scores of neuropsychological examinations as well as the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose consumption (CMRglc) decrease on (18)F-FDG PET examination between the early MCI group(More)
Pulmonary macrophages are one of the sources of various antioxidant and detoxification enzymes for which NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcriptional factor. Although Nrf2 deficiency reportedly induces severe emphysema in mice exposed to cigarette smoke (CS), no reports have studied Nrf2 regulation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).(More)