Masaru Sugimachi

Atsunori Kamiya13
Toshiaki Shishido8
13Atsunori Kamiya
8Toshiaki Shishido
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BACKGROUND Diminished cardiac vagal activity and higher heart rate predict a high mortality rate of chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction. We investigated the effects of chronic electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on cardiac remodeling and long-term survival in an animal model of CHF after large myocardial infarction. METHODS AND(More)
The total baroreflex arc [the open-loop system relating carotid sinus pressure (CSP) to arterial pressure (AP)] is known to exhibit nonlinear behaviors. However, few studies have quantitatively characterized its nonlinear dynamics. The aim of this study was to develop a nonlinear model of the sympathetically mediated total arc without assuming any model(More)
The baroreflex is a key mechanism involved in the control of arterial pressure (AP) during orthostasis in humans. However, the baroreflex is a closed-loop feedback system, from baroreceptor pressure input to systemic AP, and therefore requires open-loop experiments to identify its system characteristics. The requirement limits our ability to identify(More)
To examine a cooperative role for the baroreflex and the vestibular system in controlling arterial pressure (AP) during voluntary postural change, AP was measured in freely moving conscious rats, with or without sinoaortic baroreceptor denervation (SAD) and/or peripheral vestibular lesion (VL). Voluntary rear-up induced a slight decrease in AP (-5.6 ± 0.8(More)
The modalities of acupuncture can be broadly classified into manual acupuncture (MA) and electroacupuncture (EA). Although MA has been reported to cause winding of tissue around the needle and subsequent activation of the sensory mechanoreceptors and nociceptors, the sensory mechanisms of acupuncture stimulation are not fully understood. To test the(More)
To directly monitor vagal acetylcholine (ACh) release into the sinoatrial node, which regulates heart rate, we implanted a microdialysis probe in the right atrium near the sinoatrial node and in the right ventricle of anesthetized rabbits, and perfused with Ringer's solution containing eserine. (1) Electrical stimulation of right or left cervical vagal(More)
The aim of the study was to identify the contribution of myelinated (A-fiber) and unmyelinated (C-fiber) baroreceptor central pathways to the baroreflex control of sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and arterial pressure (AP) in anesthetized Wistar-Kyoto (WKY; n = 8) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; n = 8). The left aortic depressor nerve (ADN) was(More)
Arterial baroreceptors can be divided into two categories dependent on whether their axons are myelinated (A-fiber) or unmyelinated (C-fiber). We investigated the effect of periaxonal resiniferatoxin (RTX), a blocker of C-fiber baroreceptor activity, on the open-loop static characteristics of the arterial baroreflex. The baroreceptor region of the right(More)
A baroreflex equilibrium diagram describes the relation between input pressure and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and that between SNA and arterial pressure (AP). To calibrate the SNA axis (abscissa) of the baroreflex equilibrium diagram, the AP response to intravenous bolus injections of phenylephrine (0.2-50 μg/kg) or norepinephrine (NE, 0.02-5 μg/kg)(More)
AIMS This study aims to identify the contribution of myelinated (A-fiber) and unmyelinated (C-fiber) baroreceptor central pathways to the baroreflex control of sympathetic nerve activity and arterial pressure. MAIN METHODS Two binary white noise stimulation protocols were used to electrically stimulate the aortic depressor nerve and activate reflex(More)