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BACKGROUND Diminished cardiac vagal activity and higher heart rate predict a high mortality rate of chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction. We investigated the effects of chronic electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on cardiac remodeling and long-term survival in an animal model of CHF after large myocardial infarction. METHODS AND(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to test two hypotheses: (1) the momentum of the blood flowing out of the left ventricle toward the aorta (inertia force) plays an important role in the initiation of decay and the maximum rate of decay (peak (-dP/dt)) of left ventricular pressure (P); (2) a normal heart itself generates the inertia force which(More)
The sympathetic baroreflex is an important feedback system in stabilization of arterial pressure. This system can be decomposed into the controlling element (mechanoneural arc) and the controlled element (neuromechanical arc). We hypothesized that the intersection of the two operational curves representing their respective functions on an equilibrium(More)
We have shown in our previous study that the transfer function between central aortic pressure and tonometric radial arterial pressure can be modeled as a pure elastic lossless tube terminated with a modified Windkessel. We hypothesized, using the model-derived radial arterial flow, that central pressure could be reconstructed by adding the time-shifted(More)
The baroreflex loop consists of a fast neural arc and a slow mechanical arc. We hypothesized that the neural baroreflex arc compensates the slow mechanical response and thus improves the quality of blood pressure regulation. We estimated the open-loop transfer characteristics of the neural baroreflex arc (HP), i.e., from carotid sinus pressure to(More)
To better understand the pathophysiological significance of high plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentration in regulating heart rate (HR), we examined the interactions between high plasma NE and dynamic vagal control of HR. In anesthetized rabbits with sinoaortic denervation and vagotomy, using a binary white noise sequence (0-10 Hz) for 10 min, we stimulated(More)
When the Norwood procedure is conducted for the hypoplastic left heart syndrome using a non-valved right ventricle (RV) to pulmonary artery (PA) shunt, diastolic regurgitation from PA to RV may have an adverse effect on postoperative hemodynamics. In this study, we examined the impact of the diastolic regurgitation on ventricular energetics by computational(More)
Although hypothermia is one of the most powerful modulators that can reduce ischemic injury, the effects of hypothermia on the function of the cardiac autonomic nerves in vivo are not well understood. We examined the effects of hypothermia on the myocardial interstitial norepinephrine (NE) and ACh releases in response to acute myocardial ischemia and to(More)
We earlier reported that stimulation of either one of the sympathetic and vagal nerves augments the dynamic heart rate (HR) response to concurrent stimulation of its counterpart. We explained this phenomenon by assuming a sigmoidal static relationship between nerve activity and HR. To confirm this assumption, we stimulated the sympathetic and/or vagal nerve(More)
RATIONALE Mechanical stress is known to alter the electrophysiological properties of the myocardium and may trigger fatal arrhythmias when an abnormal load is applied to the heart. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the structural heterogeneity of the ventricular wall modulates globally applied stretches to create heterogeneous strain distributions(More)