Learn More
BACKGROUND Diminished cardiac vagal activity and higher heart rate predict a high mortality rate of chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction. We investigated the effects of chronic electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on cardiac remodeling and long-term survival in an animal model of CHF after large myocardial infarction. METHODS AND(More)
To better understand the pathophysiological significance of high plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentration in regulating heart rate (HR), we examined the interactions between high plasma NE and dynamic vagal control of HR. In anesthetized rabbits with sinoaortic denervation and vagotomy, using a binary white noise sequence (0-10 Hz) for 10 min, we stimulated(More)
The sympathetic baroreflex is an important feedback system in stabilization of arterial pressure. This system can be decomposed into the controlling element (mechanoneural arc) and the controlled element (neuromechanical arc). We hypothesized that the intersection of the two operational curves representing their respective functions on an equilibrium(More)
We investigated how changes in ventricular contractility and arterial properties associated with exercise influence the energy transmission from the left ventricle to the arterial system. On six chronically instrumented dogs preconditioned to run on a treadmill, we imposed exercise loads of various degrees by altering the speed and slope of the treadmill(More)
RATIONALE Mechanical stress is known to alter the electrophysiological properties of the myocardium and may trigger fatal arrhythmias when an abnormal load is applied to the heart. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the structural heterogeneity of the ventricular wall modulates globally applied stretches to create heterogeneous strain distributions(More)
Although hypothermia is one of the most powerful modulators that can reduce ischemic injury, the effects of hypothermia on the function of the cardiac autonomic nerves in vivo are not well understood. We examined the effects of hypothermia on the myocardial interstitial norepinephrine (NE) and ACh releases in response to acute myocardial ischemia and to(More)
  • K Egashira, T Inou, +6 authors A Takeshita
  • 1993
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that endothelium-related vasomotion is important in the control of coronary circulation. Our goal was to determine if endothelium-dependent dilation of the coronary vasculature was altered with aging in 18 patients with atypical chest pain (age, 23-70 years) who had angiographically normal coronary arteries and no coronary(More)
  • K Egashira, Y Hirooka, +4 authors A Takeshita
  • 1994
BACKGROUND This study aimed to determine if cholesterol-lowering therapy improves endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotion in patients with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS AND RESULTS Nine patients with hypercholesterolemia were studied before and after cholesterol-lowering therapy with pravastatin (an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase) for 6 +/- 3 months,(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have shown that metformin activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and has a potent cardioprotective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury. Because AMPK also is activated in animal models of heart failure, we investigated whether metformin decreases cardiomyocyte apoptosis and attenuates the progression of heart failure in(More)
Although acute myocardial ischemia or infarction may induce the Bezold-Jarisch (BJ) reflex through the activation of serotonin receptors on vagal afferent nerves, the mechanism by which the BJ reflex modulates the dynamic characteristics of arterial pressure (AP) regulation is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the BJ reflex(More)