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There is no immunological test for the prospective identification of alloimmune causes of miscarriage. We investigated whether activity of natural killer cells was predictive of subsequent abortion in women who had had unexplained recurrent abortions and had received no treatment. 24 women with high preconceptional NK activity, defined as mean plus 1 SD of(More)
BACKGROUND In normal pregnancy, predominant type 2 cytokines help maintain pregnancy, and a T-helper (Th)1 type response is associated with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). However, Th2 and T-cytotoxic (Tc)2 cells have not been localized at the implantation site in RSA. METHODS Twenty-one cases with RSA were classified into RSA with(More)
To assess the release of the proteolytic enzyme cathepsin D in endometriosis, concentrations in peritoneal fluid and serum were measured by ELISA in 54 women with (n = 33) and without (n = 21) endometriosis. Surgery was scheduled in either the proliferative or secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. The concentrations of cathepsin D in the peritoneal fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Pontine micuturition center and storage center are controlled by upper brain. Pharmacological and molecular biological data indicate the distribution of muscarinic receptor subtypes in rat brain, however, the effect of central muscarinic cholinergic mechanisms on the bladder activity has not been evaluated. We investigated the diversity of effect(More)
Turner syndrome is characterized by complete or partial X-chromosome monosomy and has various clinical features, including horseshoe kidney. Leiomyosarcoma is an extremely rare tumor that accounts for only 0.1% of all invasive renal tumors. A 50-year-old Japanese woman presented at a community hospital with a chief complaint of abdominal pain. Computed(More)
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