Masaru Odashima

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Adenosine has been implicated as an important regulator of the inflammatory response. Four subtypes of adenosine receptors (A 1 , A 2A , A 2B , and A 3 ) have been described, of which A 2A potentially inhibits inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of A 2A in mucosal inflammation by administering a selective A 2A(More)
Most studies into the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have primarily focused on the cytotoxic agents and processes involved in producing mucosal injury, including the immune system. However, less consideration has been given to the inherent mechanisms of cytoprotection and cellular repair in the intestinal mucosa. This review will focus on(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Concanavalin A (Con A) activates T lymphocytes and induces CD4+ T cell-mediated hepatic injury in mice. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), are critical mediators in this experimental model. Activation of adenosine A2A receptors reduces the(More)
Brunner’s glands are mucosal and submucosal alkalinesecreting glands that are most commonly located in the duodenum, especially in the first part of the duodenum, although they are rarely found in the pylorus and jejunum. Hyperplasia of these glands is normally seen in 2% of upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopies [1]. Five percent to 10% of benign duodenal(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Type IV phosphodiesterase is a key enzyme to metabolize intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) expressed in inflammatory cells. The specific type IV phosphodiesterase inhibitor that increases intracellular cAMP is known to be potent suppressor of proinflammatory cytokines. However, the effect of phosphodiesterase(More)
We previously reported that water-immersionstress specifically induced the synthesis of a 60-kDaheat-shock protein (HSP60, chaperonin homolog) inpancreatic cells and preinduction of HSP60 completely prevented development of cerulein-inducedpancreatitis in the rat in an HSP60 quantitativelydependent manner. In order to study the cytoprotectivefunction of a(More)
It is well documented that gastric mucosa canincrease its resistance to mucosal damage caused byaspirin during repeated long-term administration ofaspirin. However, the underlying mechanism of thisadaptation is not well established. In the present study,we investigated the effect of long-term (chronic)administration of aspirin on expression of heat(More)
We present a case of gallbladder hernia into the foramen of Winslow. During the diagnosis of hernia, ultrasonography, computed tomography and intravenous computed tomography, cholangiography of the abdomen were performed. Ultrasonography detected gallstone, but did not provide sufficient information to diagnose gallbladder hernia. Computed tomography(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of zinc L-carnosine, an anti-ulcer drug, on acetic acid-induced colonic mucosal injury and the correlation of these effects with expression of 72-kDa heat shock proteins (HSP72) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation in rat colonic mucosa in vivo. After intrarectal administration of zinc L-carnosine, the(More)