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The ubiquitin-proteasome system catalyses the immediate destruction of misfolded or impaired proteins generated in cells, but how this proteolytic machinery recognizes abnormality of cellular proteins for selective elimination remains elusive. Here, we report that the C-terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) with a U-box domain is an E3(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a pleiotropic lymphokine which plays an important role in the immune system. IL-4 activates two distinct signalling pathways through tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6, a signal transducer and activator of transcription, and of a 170K protein called 4PS. To investigate the functional role of Stat6 in IL-4 signalling, we generated mice(More)
CHOP (GADD153) is a member of the C/EBP family and a stress-induced protein. To investigate the role of CHOP in cellular growth, we expressed CHOP conditionally in M1 myeloblastic leukemia cells that do not express p53 protein. More than 60% of M1 cells died through apoptosis 72 h after CHOP induction. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that this process(More)
Nine patients suspected of having primary ameloblastoma of the mandible or maxilla and five patients with clinical and/or radiologic indications of postoperative recurrence of ameloblastoma were examined with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. In the former, results were compared with those of conventional radiography, computed tomography (CT), and pathologic(More)
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) induces apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which may increase atherosclerotic plaque instability. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms causing the Ox-LDL-induced apoptosis in VSMCs, especially focusing on the involvement of Bax/Bcl-2 and the lectinlike Ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). In(More)
Receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) by macrophages has been implicated in foam cell transformation in the process of atherogenesis. Although several scavenger receptor molecules, including class A scavenger receptors and CD36, have been identified as OxLDL receptors on macrophages, additional molecules on macrophages(More)
A simple and inexpensive assay method of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of various biological materials has been developed. SOD activity can easily be measured by reading the medium's intense absorbance directly, and many samples can be treated in a short time using a reaction stopper which acts for a long time. Reproducibility of the assay method was(More)
Base substitution mutations were introduced into the promoter region of the wheat histone H3 gene, and promoter activity was assayed in stably transformed sunflower calli or in wheat protoplasts transfected transiently. At least four positive regulatory elements, a hexamer motif (ACGTCA), two octamer(-like) motifs of a direct (CcCGGATC) and a reverse(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were measured for the first time in the brain (caudate nucleus, putamen and cerebral cortex) from control and parkinsonian patients by highly sensitive sandwich enzyme immunoassays. The concentrations of IL-1 beta, IL-6, EGF, and TGF-alpha in the(More)
Incremental dynamic computed tomography (CT) was prospectively performed in 89 patients with gastric tumors (78 gastric cancers, five malignant lymphomas, and six submucosal tumors) after the intake of 400 mL of water, and findings were compared with those obtained at pathologic examination. Dynamic CT of healthy control subjects (15 patients without(More)