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Although the sex-determining gene Sry has been identified in mammals, no comparable genes have been found in non-mammalian vertebrates. Here, we used recombinant breakpoint analysis to restrict the sex-determining region in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) to a 530-kilobase (kb) stretch of the Y chromosome. Deletion analysis of the Y chromosome of a congenic(More)
We conducted a polymerase chain reaction--restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to elucidate the detailed genetic population structure of Japanese wild populations of medaka, Oryzias latipes. The analysis of 1,225 specimens collected from 303 sites identified 67 mitotypes. Subsequently we(More)
DMY is a Y-specific DM-domain gene required for male development and appears to be the sex-determining gene in the teleost fish medaka, Oryzias latipes. Although the genomic region containing DMY appears to have originated through duplication of the DMRT1 region, it is unknown when the duplication occurred. Here we show that O. curvinotus also has the DMY(More)
Three sex-determining (SD) genes, SRY (mammals), Dmy (medaka), and DM-W (Xenopus laevis), have been identified to date in vertebrates. However, how and why a new sex-determining gene appears remains unknown, as do the switching mechanisms of the master sex-determining gene. Here, we used positional cloning to search for the sex-determining gene in Oryzias(More)
  • Masaru Matsuda
  • 2005
Although the sex of most animals is determined by genetic information, sex-determining genes had been identified only in mammals, several flies, and the worm Caenorhabditis elegans until the recent discovery of DMY (DM-domain gene on the Y chromosome) in the sex-determining region on the Y chromosome of the teleost fish medaka, Oryzias latipes. Functional(More)
In the medaka, Oryzias latipes, which does not have cytologically recognizable sex chromosomes, the sex is genetically determined and the mechanism of sex determination (XX/XY) can be revealed by genetic crosses using a particular pigment gene. In a previous study, we isolated a sex-linked DNA marker (SL1) using the genomic differences between inbred(More)
Sex chromosomes harbour a primary sex-determining signal that triggers sexual development of the organism. However, diverse sex chromosome systems have been evolved in vertebrates. Here we use positional cloning to identify the sex-determining locus of a medaka-related fish, Oryzias dancena, and find that the locus on the Y chromosome contains a(More)
We analyzed the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLPs) of the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) gene in wild populations of medaka from Korea and China. We surveyed 258 wild specimens from 75 different sites, and identified 17 mitotypes. Sequencing analysis of the complete cyt b gene (1141-bp) was subsequently(More)
Foxl2 is a member of the winged helix/forkhead family of transcription factors and is known to be involved in ovarian development in some vertebrates. To address the role of Foxl2 in ovarian differentiation in medaka, we isolated Foxl2 cDNA and analyzed its expression patterns during sex differentiation. Expression of Foxl2 started in somatic cells(More)
The recent discovery of the DMY gene (DM domain gene on Y chromosome and one of the DMRT1 family genes) as a key determinant of male development in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) has led to its designation as the prime candidate gene for sex-determination in this species. This study focused on the sites and pattern of expression of DMY and DMRT1 genes during(More)