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Although the sex-determining gene Sry has been identified in mammals, no comparable genes have been found in non-mammalian vertebrates. Here, we used recombinant breakpoint analysis to restrict the sex-determining region in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) to a 530-kilobase (kb) stretch of the Y chromosome. Deletion analysis of the Y chromosome of a congenic(More)
We conducted a polymerase chain reaction--restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to elucidate the detailed genetic population structure of Japanese wild populations of medaka, Oryzias latipes. The analysis of 1,225 specimens collected from 303 sites identified 67 mitotypes. Subsequently we(More)
Three sex-determining (SD) genes, SRY (mammals), Dmy (medaka), and DM-W (Xenopus laevis), have been identified to date in vertebrates. However, how and why a new sex-determining gene appears remains unknown, as do the switching mechanisms of the master sex-determining gene. Here, we used positional cloning to search for the sex-determining gene in Oryzias(More)
Foxl2 is a member of the winged helix/forkhead family of transcription factors and is known to be involved in ovarian development in some vertebrates. To address the role of Foxl2 in ovarian differentiation in medaka, we isolated Foxl2 cDNA and analyzed its expression patterns during sex differentiation. Expression of Foxl2 started in somatic cells(More)
The recent discovery of the DMY gene (DM domain gene on Y chromosome and one of the DMRT1 family genes) as a key determinant of male development in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) has led to its designation as the prime candidate gene for sex-determination in this species. This study focused on the sites and pattern of expression of DMY and DMRT1 genes during(More)
Sex chromosomes harbour a primary sex-determining signal that triggers sexual development of the organism. However, diverse sex chromosome systems have been evolved in vertebrates. Here we use positional cloning to identify the sex-determining locus of a medaka-related fish, Oryzias dancena, and find that the locus on the Y chromosome contains a(More)
DMY is a Y-specific DM-domain gene required for male development and appears to be the sex-determining gene in the teleost fish medaka, Oryzias latipes. Although the genomic region containing DMY appears to have originated through duplication of the DMRT1 region, it is unknown when the duplication occurred. Here we show that O. curvinotus also has the DMY(More)
Two DM-domain genes, DMY (sex-determining gene) and DMRT1, have been reported to be expressed in the testis of medaka. In this study, a specific RT-PCR assay was used to determine the expression patterns of DMY and DMRT1 in various tissues of medaka during different stages of development. The results show that the transcripts of both DMY and DMRT1 are(More)
Anticipation of danger at first elicits panic in animals, but later it helps them to avoid the real threat adaptively. In zebrafish, as fish experience more and more danger, neurons in the ventral habenula (vHb) showed tonic increase in the activity to the presented cue and activated serotonergic neurons in the median raphe (MR). This neuronal activity(More)
In the medaka, Oryzias latipes, which does not have cytologically recognizable sex chromosomes, the sex is genetically determined and the mechanism of sex determination (XX/XY) can be revealed by genetic crosses using a particular pigment gene. In a previous study, we isolated a sex-linked DNA marker (SL1) using the genomic differences between inbred(More)