Masaru Matsuda

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Although the sex-determining gene Sry has been identified in mammals, no comparable genes have been found in non-mammalian vertebrates. Here, we used recombinant breakpoint analysis to restrict the sex-determining region in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) to a 530-kilobase (kb) stretch of the Y chromosome. Deletion analysis of the Y chromosome of a congenic(More)
We conducted a polymerase chain reaction--restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to elucidate the detailed genetic population structure of Japanese wild populations of medaka, Oryzias latipes. The analysis of 1,225 specimens collected from 303 sites identified 67 mitotypes. Subsequently we(More)
Three sex-determining (SD) genes, SRY (mammals), Dmy (medaka), and DM-W (Xenopus laevis), have been identified to date in vertebrates. However, how and why a new sex-determining gene appears remains unknown, as do the switching mechanisms of the master sex-determining gene. Here, we used positional cloning to search for the sex-determining gene in Oryzias(More)
In the teleost fish, medaka (Oryzias latipes), the sex is genetically determined at the time of fertilization. The males are heterogametic with XY chromosome composition, while females are of XX chromosome composition. The male sexual differentiation is initiated in XY embryos of medaka by the sex-determining gene Dmy. In this study, we have cloned the(More)
The recent discovery of the DMY gene (DM domain gene on Y chromosome and one of the DMRT1 family genes) as a key determinant of male development in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) has led to its designation as the prime candidate gene for sex-determination in this species. This study focused on the sites and pattern of expression of DMY and DMRT1 genes during(More)
Foxl2 is a member of the winged helix/forkhead family of transcription factors and is known to be involved in ovarian development in some vertebrates. To address the role of Foxl2 in ovarian differentiation in medaka, we isolated Foxl2 cDNA and analyzed its expression patterns during sex differentiation. Expression of Foxl2 started in somatic cells(More)
Dax1 is a member of an unusual orphan nuclear receptor family, and is known to regulate P450arom in mammals and is involved in sex differentiation in some vertebrates. To investigate whether Dax1 is involved in the regulation of the steroidogenic pathway for estrogen biosynthesis in medaka ovarian follicles, we isolated Dax1 cDNA from adult medaka ovaries(More)
Piscine DAX1 and SHP cDNAs with an open reading frame encoding 296 and 258 amino acid residues, respectively, as well as SHP partial gene fragment, were cloned from Nile tilapia. Phylogenetic analyses of DAX1s, SHPs, and homologous EST fragments indicate that DAX1 and SHP are conserved in gene structure and are present throughout vertebrates. A single band(More)
Anticipation of danger at first elicits panic in animals, but later it helps them to avoid the real threat adaptively. In zebrafish, as fish experience more and more danger, neurons in the ventral habenula (vHb) showed tonic increase in the activity to the presented cue and activated serotonergic neurons in the median raphe (MR). This neuronal activity(More)
DMY is a Y-specific DM-domain gene required for male development and appears to be the sex-determining gene in the teleost fish medaka, Oryzias latipes. Although the genomic region containing DMY appears to have originated through duplication of the DMRT1 region, it is unknown when the duplication occurred. Here we show that O. curvinotus also has the DMY(More)