Masaomi Minaba

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A fast-growing and cell-fusing hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a hydrothermal vent at Suiyo Seamount, Izu-Bonin Arc, Western Pacific Ocean. Strain TS2(T) is an irregular, motile coccus that is generally 0.7-1.5 microm in diameter and possesses a polar tuft of flagella. In the mid-exponential phase of growth, cells that appeared black under(More)
ASABF (Ascaris suum antibacterial factor)-type antimicrobial peptides are defensin-like cysteine-rich peptides that are widely distributed in the phylum Nematoda. In known members of ASABF-type antimicrobial peptides, an array consisting of eight cysteine residues is completely conserved. In this study, we report a novel member ASABF-6Cys-alpha, which(More)
A cell-fusing hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from hydrothermal fluid obtained from Suiyo Seamount of the Izu-Bonin Arc. The isolate, TS1(T), is an irregular coccus, usually 0.5-2 microm in diameter and motile with a polar tuft of flagella. Cells in the exponential phase of growth fused at room temperature in the presence of DNA-intercalating dye to(More)
Recently, an anionic proregion was found to be conserved at the C terminus of the antimicrobial peptide, nematode cecropin. Our results suggest that the antimicrobial activity of mature peptide is suppressed by the proregion in its precursor and is released from inhibition after processing. Inhibition is not likely to be due to direct suppression of(More)
NP4P is a synthetic peptide derived from a natural, non-antimicrobial peptide fragment (pro-region of nematode cecropin P4) by substitution of all acidic amino acid residues with amides (i.e., Glu → Gln, and Asp → Asn). In the presence of NP4P, some membrane-disrupting antimicrobial peptides (ASABF-α, polymyxin B, and nisin) killed microbes at lower(More)
Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs) are well recognized to be promising as novel antimicrobial and antitumor agents. To obtain novel skeletons of CAMPs, we propose a simple strategy using acid-amide substitution (i.e. Glu→Gln, Asp→Asn) to confer net positive charge to natural non-antimicrobial sequences that have structures distinct from known CAMPs.(More)
Synthetic biologists construct complex biological circuits by combinations of various genetic parts. Many genetic parts that are orthogonal to one another and are independent of existing cellular processes would be ideal for use in synthetic biology. However, our toolbox is still limited with respect to the bacterium Escherichia coli, which is important for(More)
Signal transduction mediated by heterotrimeric G proteins regulates a wide variety of physiological functions. We are interested in the manipulation of G-protein-mediating signal transduction using G-protein-coupled receptors, which are derived from evolutionarily distant organisms and recognize unique ligands. As a model, we tested the functionally(More)
The mitochondrial phosphate carrier gene (PiC) encodes a membrane protein that mediates the supply of inorganic phosphate from the cytosol into the mitochondrial matrix. This substrate-specific transport system plays an important role in efficient ATP synthesis. Mammals appear to have only one PiC with two alternative splicing variants whose functional(More)
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