Masaomi Kawai

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To determine the threshold dose of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) that induces hepatocellular tumor-promoting effects, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and drug-metabolizing enzymes that protect against ROS generation, partial hepatectomized rats were fed diets containing 0, 0.015, 0.03, 0.06, 0.125, 0.25, or 0.5% PBO after an i.p. injection of(More)
Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a pesticide synergist used with pyrethroids as a domestic insecticide, and it acts as a non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogen in rats and mice. To clarify whether oxidative stress is involved in the liver tumor-promoting effect of PBO in mice, male mice were subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy, followed by N-diethylnitrosamine(More)
The tumor-promoting effects of oxfendazole (OX), a benzimidazole anthelmintic, were investigated using a medium-term rat hepatocarcinogenesis model. Six-week-old male F344 rats received an intraperitoneal injection of N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and were given a powdered diet containing 0 or 500 ppm OX for 6 weeks from 2 weeks after DEN treatment. All(More)
To clarify whether enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ) or melatonin (MLT) supplementation reduces oxidative stress-mediated hepatocellular tumor-promoting effect of oxfendazole (OX), a benzimidazole anthelmintic, male rats were administered a single intraperitoneal injection of N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and were fed a diet containing OX (500 ppm)(More)
To investigate the cell cycle kinetics during the tumor promotion process induced by hypothyroidism in a rat model of thyroid follicular cell carcinogenesis, immunohistochemical analysis of cell cycle molecules and related signaling molecules was performed in conjunction with analysis of cell proliferation activity in an initiation-promotion model. Male(More)
To clarify the mechanism of piperonyl butoxide (PBO)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice, male mice were subjected to a two-thirds partial hepatectomy, N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) initiation, and a diet containing 0.6% PBO for eight weeks. The incidence of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)-positive foci and PCNA-positive cells was significantly increased(More)
To investigate possible potential inducing preneoplastic lesions in liver and in vivo genotoxic potential of diheptyl phthalate (DHP), male F344 rats were subjected to repeated oral administration of DHP at 0, 2.5 or 5 g/kg/day for 28 days. In addition, F344 rats were subjected to once or 14 repeated oral administrations of 5 g/kg/day of DHP, and their(More)
Regional specific relationships between oxidative stress and the development of glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P)-positive or GST-P-negative lesions in rats, induced by fenofibrate (FF), a peroxisome proliferator, were examined using a two-stage hepatocarcinogenesis model in F344 rats. Animals were initiated with a single ip injection of 200(More)
The present study investigated the involvement of signaling of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN)/protein kinase B (Akt) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) as well as receptor tyrosine kinases in the tumor promotion processes in a two-stage hepatocarcinogenesis model using male F344 rats. The cellular localization of(More)
Fenofibrate (FF) has previously been shown to induce hepatocellular neoplasia in a conventional mouse bioassay (NDA 1993), but there has been no report to examine the carcinogenic susceptibility of rasH2 mice to this chemical. In the present study, male rasH2 mice were subjected to a two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH), followed by an N-diethylnitrosamine(More)