Masao Yagi

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Perceptual benefits from the cochlear prosthesis are related to the quantity and quality of the patient's auditory nerve population. Multiple neurotrophic factors, such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), have been shown to have important roles in the survival of inner ear auditory neurons, including protection of deafferented spiral(More)
Two possible approaches for cochlear gene transfer have been inoculation via the round window membrane and through a cochleostomy. The aim of this study was to determine which of the two is more effective. Using both approaches, normal-hearing and deafened guinea pigs were inoculated with adenovirus carrying the reporter gene lacZ. After 5 days, the animals(More)
Gentamicin administration often results in cochlear and/or vestibular hair cell loss and hearing and balance impairment. It has been demonstrated that adenovirus-mediated overexpression of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) can protect cochlear hair cells against ototoxic injury. In this study, we evaluated the protective effects of(More)
The protective effect of dexamethasone (DEX) against noise-induced trauma, as reflected in hair cell destruction and elevation in auditory brainstem response (ABR) sensitivity, was assessed in guinea pigs. The animals were administered DEX (1, 10, 100, and 1000 ng/ml) or artificial perilymph (AP) via a mini-osmotic pump directly into scala tympani and, on(More)
This study demonstrates the attenuation of aminoglycoside ototoxicity by cochlear infusion of dexamethasone (Dex) using a microcannulation-osmotic pump delivery system. The results indicate that treating the cochlea with Dex both before and after kanamycin administration was more effective in preventing ototoxicity than Dex treatment only after kanamycin(More)
Brief cochlear excitotoxicity produces temporary neural swelling and transient deficits in auditory sensitivity; however, the consequences of long-lasting excitotoxic insult have not been tested. Chronic intra-cochlear infusion of the glutamate agonist AMPA (a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) resulted in functional deficits in the(More)
Antidepressant treatments have been described to induce neurotrophic factors (NTFs) and reverse the cell loss observed in rodent stress models. Amitriptyline (AT), a tricyclic antidepressant agent, has been reported in recent studies to induce glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) synthesis and release in rat C6 glioblastoma cells. GDNF has(More)
Presbycusis is the impairment of auditory function associated with aging, which stems from peripheral cochlear lesions and degeneration of the central auditory process. The effect of age-induced peripheral hearing loss on the central auditory process is not fully understood. C57Bl/6 (C57) mice present accelerated peripheral hearing loss, which is well(More)
Inner ear disease due to hair cell loss is common, and no restorative treatments for the balance and hearing impairment are currently available. To develop clinical means for enhancing protection and regeneration in the inner ear, it is necessary to understand the molecular basis for hereditary and acquired deafness and vestibular disorders. One approach is(More)