Masao Toyoda

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DCs are the most potent antigen-presenting cells that play a major role in initiating the antitumor immune response. Although the clinical significance of TIDCs has been investigated in a variety of human cancers, few studies have focused on the in situ maturation status of DCs. We have analyzed the maturation-specific significance of TIDCs in the prognosis(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells that induce specific anti-tumor immunity. To obtain potent efficacy of immunotherapy using infusion of activated DC, it is necessary to overcome defective function of DC in tumor-bearing patients. We examined whether the treatment with PSK, a biological response modifier derived from(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer newly developed in the remnant stomach (CRS) after partial gastrectomy is worthy of attention not only because it is a typical model of carcinogenesis but also from the aspect of cancer diagnosis. METHODS We treated 47 patients with CRS in the 20 years from 1979 to 1998. Clinicopathological variables, as well as long-term survival(More)
In this study, we attempted to clarify the mechanism of tachykinin-induced motor response in isolated smooth muscle preparations of the human colon. Fresh specimens of normal colon were obtained from patients suffering from colonic cancer. Using mucosa-free smooth muscle strips, smooth muscle tension with circular direction was monitored isometrically.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We evaluated the efficacy of the following three surgical options in gastrectomy for early gastric cancer; 1) reduction of the extent of gastrectomy, 2) preservation of the vagal nerve, and 3) preservation of the pylorus. METHODOLOGY The postoperative physical conditions of patients who had undergone 6 kinds of operating methods(More)
Recent advances in MR hydrography have enabled various clinical applications in the areas of abdominal and pelvic disorders, for example, MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), MR urography(MRU), and MR hydrography of the fetus. Although the two-dimensional(2D) single-slice method provides excellent information as to the global relationship between lesions and(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic colorectal surgery, while minimally invasive, is a complicated technique. Therefore, prior to this surgery, it is important to determine the anatomical information of colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-eight cases of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of colon cancer [caecal (n = 4), ascending colon (n = 6), transverse(More)
A 63-year-old man bearing a palpable tumor had a lymph node metastasis adjacent to the sigmoid colon that was detected by computed tomography and positron emission tomography. The sigmoid colon and enlarged lymph nodes were surgically resected, and cancerous ascites were present. Pathologically, the tumor in the lymph node was a poorly-differentiated(More)
A 56-year-old Japanese woman who underwent a curative resection of ascending colon cancer at 43 years of age was found to have a tumor in her lower left abdominal cavity by computed tomography at 53 years of age. The tumor in the omentum was resected and identified as an adenocarcinoma compatible with metastasis from the primary ascending colon cancer.(More)
We report the case of 66-year-old male with recurrent rectal cancer which responded to chemotherapy using CPT-11, Isovorin, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). CPT-11 was administered at 40 mg (90 min i.v.) x 3 day/week, and Isovorin and 5-FU were administered at 25 mg (bolus) and 250 mg (continuous) x 5 day/week by intraarterial infusion. Three cycles of this(More)