Masao Tomioka

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OBJECT Cervical pedicle screw (PS) misplacement leads to injury of the spinal cord, nerve root, and vertebral artery. Recently, several investigators reported on the usefulness of a spinal navigation system that improves the accuracy of PS insertion. In this study, the authors assessed the accuracy of cervical pedicle, lateral mass, and odontoid screw(More)
Correct screw placement is especially difficult in the upper thoracic vertebrae. At the cervicothoracic junction (C7-T2), problems can arise because of the narrowness of the pedicle and the difficulty of using a lateral image intensifier there. Other upper thoracic vertebrae (T3-6) pose a problem for screw insertion also because of the narrower pedicle. We(More)
We used a navigation system to insert 128 pedicle screws into 69 vertebrae (L1 to L3) of 49 consecutive patients. We assessed the pedicle isthmic width and the permission angle for pedicle screw insertion. The permission angle is the angle defined by the greatest medial and lateral trajectories allowable when placing the screw through the center of the(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical pedicle screws, when misplaced, tend to perforate laterally. One of the reasons for lateral perforation is vertebral rotation during screw insertion. However, actual vertebral rotation during pedicle screw insertion is unknown. In this study, we measured vertebral rotation during pedicle screw insertion in patients with cervical injury.(More)
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