Masao Tokuda

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For the synthesis of protopine alkaloids, we studied a reaction sequence based on a ring enlargement of indeno[2,1-a][3]benzazepines by a singlet oxygen oxygenation, followed by conversion of an amide carbonyl group of the resultant 10-membered keto-lactam to a methylene group, which is the last step for completion of the synthesis. The key substances,(More)
A phosphine-free catalytic system [Pd(OAc)2-Cu(OAc)2-air] induced a substrate-specific carbonylation of amines in boiling toluene under CO gas (1 atm). Symmetrical N,N'-dialkylureas were obtained by the carbonylation of primary amines. N,N,N'-Trialkylureas were selectively formed by addition of a secondary amine to the above reaction vessel. Secondary(More)
We developed a new method for Pd(II)-catalyzed direct aromatic carbonylation in a phosphine-free catalytic system using Pd(OAc)2 and Cu(OAc)2 in an atmosphere of CO gas containing air. The carbonylation proceeded with ortho-palladation, inducing a remarkable site selectivity to afford a variety of five- or six-membered benzolactams from secondary(More)
We report a method for the synthesis of N-protected staurosporinones, which are useful for the synthesis of indolo[2,3-a]pyrrolo[3,4-c]carbazole alkaloids and related compounds. An interaction of gramine methiodide (2) with 3-(N-benzyl)indolylacetonitrile (3) in the presence of t-BuLi, followed by a CF3COOH-catalyzed intramolecular indole-indole coupling(More)
Methods for synthesis of a ring system characteristic of isoindolobenzazepine alkaloids were studied. Synthesis of lennoxamine and a formal synthesis of chelenine were accomplished in a short route via radical or Pd(0)-catalyzed cyclization as the key step. An altenative approach based on a radical migration of a cyano group or Pd(0)-catalyzed carbonylation(More)
Pd(0)-catalyzed conjugate addition of benzylzinc chloride to methyl vinyl ketone in the presence of chlorotrimethylsilane and lithium chloride in an atmosphere of carbon monoxide at room temperature afforded 1-phenyl-2,5-hexanedione monosilyl enol ether. In this catalytic carbonylation, four components are connected in one reaction. Successive acidic workup(More)
Treatment of 2-(2'-bromo-beta-phenethyl)isocarbostyrils 7 with AIBN-Bu(3)SnH in boiling benzene gave 8-oxoberbines 3 in good yields. A similar treatment of 2-(2'-bromo-beta-phenethyl)isoquinolinium bromides 6 and their nor- and homoanalogues (10,11) induced 6-, 5-, and 7-exo radical closures in a one-pot manner to give protoberberines 2,(More)
Treatment of 1-(2'-bromo-3',4'-dialkoxybenzyl)-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydroisoquinoline carbamates, 1a,c, with excess alkyllithium gave 8-oxoberbines, 2a,c, which were successively attacked in situ with another molecule of alkyllithium to give 1,2 and/or 1,4 addition products. A primary alkyllithium, such as MeLi or BuLi, gave a 1,2 addition product,(More)
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