Masao Murakawa

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Natural killer T (NKT) cells are known to produce Th17 cytokine IL-17 in addition to Th1/2 cytokines. In this study, the ability of NKT cells to produce IL-22, another Th17 cytokine, was examined in mice. When murine spleen cells were stimulated with alpha-galactosyl ceramide, a ligand for NKT cells, not only Th1/2 cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-4) but Th17(More)
Topical application of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to mouse ear induced a prolonged skin inflammation. Histological analysis revealed that the early stage (approximately 3 h) and later stage (6-24 h) of the skin reaction are characterized by dermal edema and cell accumulation, respectively. Topical application with TPA also induced increase(More)
In the present study, possible role of phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) in development and function of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) was examined using ASB16165, a specific inhibitor for PDE7. ASB16165 inhibited generation of CTL activity in mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), in which splenocytes from C57BL/6N mice were stimulated with those from BALB/c mice. Flow(More)
A possible involvement of phosphodiesterase 7A (PDE7A) in proliferation and function of NKT cells was examined using ASB16165, a selective inhibitor for PDE7A. Stimulation of isolated murine NKT cells with anti-CD3 antibody plus IL-2 induced not only cell proliferation but production of cytokines including IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-17 and IL-22. ASB16165(More)
The Fas system has been extensively investigated as a model of apoptosis and the caspase cascade has been shown to be a characteristic mechanism of signaling of apoptosis. We have identified and purified a kinase that was activated after the stimulation of Fas on human thymoma-derived HPB–ALL cells. Partial amino acid sequencing of the purified kinase(More)
Phosphodiesterase 7A (PDE7A) has been suggested to be involved in activation of T lymphocytes. In the present study, a possible involvement of PDE7A in function of preactivated T cells (i.e. T lymphoblasts) was investigated using ASB16165, an inhibitor for PDE7A. ASB16165, which has an IC50 value of 15 nM for human PDE7A, suppressed IL-12-induced IFN-gamma(More)
M2 macrophages have been subdivided into subtypes such as IL-4-induced M2a and IL-10-induced M2c in vitro. Although it was reported that IL-10 stimulation leads to an increase in IL-4Rα, the effect of IL-4 and IL-10 in combination with macrophage subtype differentiation remains unclear. Thus, we sought to clarify whether IL-10 enhanced the M2 phenotype(More)
Possible role of phosphodiesterase 7A (PDE7A) in skin inflammation was examined using ASB16165, a specific inhibitor for PDE7A. Epicutaneous application of phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to mouse ear resulted in induction of skin edema, and topical treatment with ASB16165 inhibited the induction of skin edema in a dose-dependent(More)
Excessive proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes is a typical aspect of chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis. In the present study, the effect of phosphodiesterase 7A (PDE7A) inhibitor ASB16165 on proliferation of keratinocytes was investigated to examine the role of PDE7A in keratinocyte proliferation and the possible therapeutic relevance of PDE7A(More)
OBJECTIVES Cadherin-11 (CDH11) is an adhesion molecule that anchors β-catenin and is involved with various functions of synovial fibroblast cells (SFCs) during the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the mechanism of CDH11 during RA-SFC proliferation is unclear. The aim of our study was to clarify the involvement of CDH11 and β-catenin(More)