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To determine the effects of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) on the different cell types that exist in bone, cell populations (I-IV), progressively enriched in osteoblastic cells relative to fibroblastic cells, were prepared from fetal rat calvaria using timed collagenase digestions. TGF-beta did not induce anchorage-independent growth of these(More)
BACKGROUND An association between periodontal disease and metabolic syndrome based on cross-sectional and case-control studies was recently reported, but their causal relationship has not been fully clarified. The objective of this cohort study is to investigate the association between periodontal disease and changes in metabolic-syndrome components to(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is a potent stimulator of bone resorption and an inhibitor of bone formation, whereas macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) ligand (RANKL) are essential and sufficient for osteoclast differentiation. Recently, we showed that IL-1alpha affects(More)
Orthodontic tooth movement induced alveolar bone resorption and formation around the teeth applied mechanical force. Although mechanical force can promote bone formation, the molecular mechanism that underlies this phenomenon is not fully understood. The purposes of this study were to determine how mechanical stress affects the osteogenic response of human(More)
Tobacco smoking is an important risk factor for the development of severe periodontitis. Recently, we showed that nicotine affected mineralized nodule formation, and that nicotine and lipopolysaccharide stimulated the formation of osteoclast-like cells by increasing production of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by(More)
Several studies have indicated that one of the causes of alveolar bone destruction with periodontitis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria in plaque and that tobacco smoking may be an important risk factor for the development and severity of periodontitis. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of(More)
An oral epithelial cell line derived from buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma, HO-1-N-1, was used to elucidate the role of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in saliva on wound healing of the oral mucosa. The effects of EGF on DNA synthesis, and cell migration was studied and the related signal transduction pathways examined. DNA synthesis by HO-1-N-1 cells(More)
Two oligonucleotide primer sets for the discrimination of Streptococcus pneumoniae from "pneumococcus-like" oral streptococcal isolates by PCR were developed. Genomic subtractive hybridization was performed to search for differences between Streptococcus pneumoniae strain WU2 and the most closely related oral streptococcus, Streptococcus mitis strain 903.(More)
OBJECTIVE Butyric acid (sodium butyrate; BA) is a major metabolic by-product of main periodontopathic bacteria present in subgingival plaque. In the present study, we examined the effects of BA on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity, mineralized nodule formation, extracellular matrix protein expression, macrophage colony-stimulating(More)
A lambda gt11 cDNA library was constructed from RNA purified from hepatitis B viral surface antigen-negative human plasma with high alanine aminotransferase activity. A cDNA clone, designated as C8-2, was isolated by immunoscreening with mixed sera from non-A, non-B hepatitis (NANBH) carrier and convalescent chimpanzees. The recombinant protein produced by(More)