Masao Koshikawa

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Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is one of the candidate factors mediating fibrogenic activity of TGF-beta. It was shown previously that the blockade of CTGF by antisense oligonucleotide (ODN) inhibits TGF-beta-induced production of fibronectin and type I collagen in cultured renal fibroblasts. The in vivo contribution of CTGF in renal(More)
Podocytes play an important role in maintaining normal glomerular function and structure, and podocyte injury leads to proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. The family of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK; extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK], c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and p38) may be implicated in the progression of various glomerulopathies, but(More)
CCN1 (cysteine-rich protein 61; Cyr61) is an extracellular matrix-associated signaling molecule that functions in cell migration, adhesion, and differentiation. We previously reported that CCN1 is induced at podocytes in rat anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis, a well-known model of reversible glomerular injury, but its expression and significance in the human(More)
Dynamic recovery of glomerular structure occurs after severe glomerular damage in anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis (Thy-1 GN), but its mechanism remains to be investigated. To identify candidate genes possibly involved in glomerular reconstruction, screening was performed for genes that are specifically expressed by podocytes and are upregulated in glomeruli(More)
BACKGROUND Significance of podocyte injury in the progression of diabetic nephropathy is not well-understood. In this study, we examined whether alteration of gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) expression in podocytes is associated with the progression of overt diabetic nephropathy. METHODS We recruited 29 type 2 diabetic patients with overt(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is one of the critical complications of end-stage renal disease patients. Conventionally intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) was used to assess secondary hyperparathyroidism, but this assay measures both PTH(1–84) (full-length parathyroid hormone) and PTH(7–84) (amino (N)-terminal-cleaved parathyroid hormone). PTH(7–84) is(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease, for which effective therapy to prevent the progression at advanced stages remains to be established. There is also a long debate whether diabetic glomerular injury is reversible or not. Lipoatrophic diabetes, a syndrome caused by paucity of adipose tissue, is characterized by severe(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article was to study and clarify the features of Chinese herb nephropathy (CHN) in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS The subjects consisted of patients diagnosed as having CHN in Saiseikai Nakatsu Hospital and of those reported in the literature in Japan. We investigated the clinical and histological features of CHN patients in(More)
Systemic administration of the potent vasodilating peptide adrenomedullin reduces cardiac and renal fibrosis in hypertensive animals. Here, we investigated the effects of kidney-specific adrenomedullin gene delivery in normotensive rats after unilateral ureteral obstruction, an established model of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Overexpression of(More)
Complement (C) 4d and cofactor C4b binding protein (C4bp) are detected in the glomerular capillary walls of a patient with preeclampsia. A 32-year-old nullipara had proteinuria of 1.2 g/d and edema at the 33rd week of pregnancy. Gradually the urinary protein excretion increased, reaching 5.1 g/d at the 37th week. The patient also showed hypertension at this(More)