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Previous investigators have shown that free fatty acids that accumulate during ischemia are an indicator of evolution in ischemic brain damage. Our study describes the temporal relations between free fatty acid accumulation and degradation of phospholipid molecular species after cerebral ischemia. Using the four-vessel occlusion model of adult Wistar rats,(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium currents (ICa), which developed in cultured human neuroblastoma cells (NB-I), were studied using a whole-cell recording technique. Three types (T-, N- and L-type) of ICa were identified based on their biological and pharmacological properties. The T-type ICa was observed in about 60% of the cells from day 2 to day 12 and in about(More)
We investigated the effects of zonisamide, a new antiepileptic drug, on voltage-dependent T-type calcium current (ICa) in cultured neuroblastoma cells of human origin (NB-I). Zonisamide reduced T-type ICa in a concentration-dependent manner without evoking any change in its inactivation kinetics or voltage dependence of action. The mean percent reduction(More)
Major mitochondrial phospholipids were examined in rat brain after 30 minutes of reperfusion following 30- or 60-minute periods of ischemia to examine their changes and explore their relationship to mitochondrial dysfunction during postischemic reperfusion. The amount of phospholipids and the percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acid chains, which tended to(More)
The voltage-dependent calcium channel current (ICa) in the neuroblastoma cell line of human origin (NB-I) was studied by the whole-cell clamp recording. Three types of ICa were identified in NB-I cells. Our electrophysiological and pharmacological findings have suggested that these three types of ICa are consistent with the T-, N- and L-type ICa,(More)
We performed a retrospective analysis of 17 children with photosensitive seizures (PSS) who had been followed for more than 3 years (mean: 9 years). PSS were verified in all patients by simultaneous video-EEG monitoring. The seizures were precipitated by flickering stroboscopes (14 patients) or were induced by patients themselves (3) with head-nodding in(More)
Changes in seizure type of severe myoclonic epilepsy (SME) in infancy were reviewed retrospectively in 14 patients (11 males and 3 females) who were followed-up to the age of 7 years or more. The observation period ranged from 5 to 16 years with a mean of 10 years. During the follow-up, three or four types of seizures were seen per patient, but the pattern(More)
Changes in content of brain mitochondrial phospholipids were examined in rats after 30 and 60 min of decapitation ischemia compared with controls, to explore the degradation of the mitochondrial membrane and its relation to dysfunction of mitochondria. Activities of respiratory functions and respiratory enzymes (cytochrome c oxidase; F0F1-ATPase) decreased(More)
Epsilon-poly-L-lysine (epsilon-PL) is one of the few naturally occurring biopolymers and is characterized by a peptide bond between the alpha-carboxyl and epsilon-amino groups. Previously, we purified and characterized the epsilon-PL-degrading enzyme (Pld) from Streptomyces albulus, which is an epsilon-PL producer, and this enzyme was expected to confer(More)
A new antibiotic, ablastmycin (C18H31N5O10, Amax 274mju in 0.1 N HC1, E^]d= +60° in H2O), inhibiting Piricularia oryzae and Helminthosporium was isolated. The producing strain was classified as Streptomyces aburaviensis var. ablastmyceticus. Production, isolation, purification and physico-chemical properties of this antibiotic are described. Kasugamycin(More)