Masao Iwamori

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Serum antibody from some patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome recognized an antigen of a minor component in human brain monosialoganglioside fraction. We purified that antigen, which migrated at a position slightly lower than that of GM1 on a thin-layer chromatogram (TLC), by using Iatrobeads column chromatography and preparative TLC. Structural analyses,(More)
Gangliosides of human milk from women at various periods of lactation were analyzed. GD3 in colostrum, particularly in the early period of lactation, was the major ganglioside, and the molar ratio of GM3 to GD3 was 0.2-0.3 in the milk at 2-6 days postpartum. In contrast, milk from women at 60-390 days postpartum contained GM3 as the major ganglioside and(More)
Cells of the human tumor cell line RMG-1, derived from a clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary, were injected intraperitoneally into nude mice, and the cells obtained from the tumor nodules in the mesenterium were found to form a larger number of, and larger-sized, tumor nodules than the original RMG-1 cells. The RMG-1-h cells, transferred into culture(More)
Ganglioside compositions in the brains of the mutant mice quaking and shiverer were compared with those of their littermate controls, C57BL/6 and C3HSWV. Neither ganglioside content nor composition of shiverer brains differed from those of the control brains. Change in the ganglioside composition of the mutant brain from that of the control was observed(More)
Mice require testicular glycosphingolipids (GSLs) for proper spermatogenesis. Mutant mice strains deficient in specific genes encoding biosynthetic enzymes of the GSL pathway including Galgt1 (encoding GM2 synthase) and Siat9 (encoding GM3 synthase) have been established lacking various overlapping subsets of GSLs. Although male Galgt1-/- mice are(More)
Activity of protein kinase C depends on the interaction with polar head-groups of two membrane lipids, i.e., phosphatidylserine and diacylglycerol. In the present study, we demonstrated a novel activation mechanism of the eta isoform of protein kinase C (nPKC eta), which is predominantly expressed in epithelial tissues in close association with epithelial(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a causative agent in active chronic gastritis. The receptor for this bacteria, however, is not known. It is likely that the receptor molecules may be glycosphingolipids as shown in the cases of other bacteria. We explored this possibility by a thin-layer chromatography (TLC)-immunostaining method. Among(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the sequestration and trapping of endocytosed cholesterol in lysosomes. The NPC1 gene on chromosome 18 was recently identified but its physiological function remains unknown. We have studied the lipid compositions of cultured human NP-C fibroblasts and mouse SPM-3T3 cell(More)
Lewis(y) antigen is an oligosaccharide containing two fucoses, and is expressed variously in 75% of ovarian tumors, where its high expression level predicts poor prognosis. The effect and the possible mechanism of Lewis(y) on the proliferation of human ovarian cancer cells are still largely unkown. We report here that transfecting alpha1,2-FT gene into(More)
Cellular proliferation and differentiation in mammary gland are known to be significantly altered during pregnancy and subsequent lactation. To characterize the different stages of mammary gland during pregnancy and lactation, we analyzed the glycosphingolipid compositions in the mammary gland of DDD and ICR mice at several periods of pregnancy and(More)