Masao Hirotani

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 A cDNA encoding UDP-glucose: baicalein 7-O-glucosyltransferase (UBGT) was isolated from a cDNA library from hairy root cultures of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi probed with a partial-length cDNA clone of a UDP-glucose: flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UFGT) from grape (Vitis vinifera L.). The heterologous probe contained a glucosyltransferase consensus(More)
Ginseng (Panax ginseng) embryogenic tissues were cultured in three types of reactors and the ginsenoside productivities in these tissues were compared. As a result, the saponin productivity was the best when an airlift reactor was used, and more than twice of that when a paddle or internal turbine reactor was used. The tissues grew 9 fold during 42 days,(More)
Diaminofluoresceins are widely used for detection and imaging of nitric oxide (NO), but for biological applications, they have the disadvantages that the fluorescence of the fluorescein chromophore is pH-sensitive and overlaps the autofluorescence of cells. We have developed a membrane-permeable fluorescent indicator for NO based on the rhodamine(More)
UDP-glucuronate: baicalein 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase (UBGAT) catalyzes the transfer of glucuronic acid from UDP-glucuronic acid to the 7-OH of baicalein. UBGAT was purified from cultured cells of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Lamiaceae). It was purified 95-fold using various chromatography and chromatofocusing procedures to apparent homogeneity. The Mr(More)
A cDNA encoding UDP-glucose: formononetin 7-O-glucosyltransferase, designated UGT73F1, was cloned from yeast extract-treated Glycyrrhiza echinata L. cell-suspension cultures using probes from Scutellaria baicalensis UDP-glucose: flavonoid 7-O-glucosyltransferase. The open reading frame of the UGT73F1 cDNA encodes a 441-amino-acid protein with a predicted(More)
The Bcl-2 family proteins comprise pro-apoptotic as well as anti-apoptotic members. Heterodimerization between members of the Bcl-2 family proteins is a key event in the regulation of apoptosis. We report here that Bcl-2 protein was selectively cleaved by active caspase-3-like proteases in CTLL-2 cell apoptosis in response to interleukin-2 deprivation.(More)
Agroastragaloside II, a new astragaloside was isolated from the hairy root culture of Astragalus membranaceus. Its structure was established as 3-O-beta-(2'-O-acetyl)-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(24S)- 3 beta,6 alpha,16 beta,24,25-pentahydroxy-9,19-cyclolanostane on the basis of spectroscopic data. Three known astragalosides, astragaloside II,(More)
Five new compounds (three esters and two glycosides) and seven previously reported compounds were isolated as biotransformation products of digitoxigenin by ginseng hairy root cultures. The new esters and glycosides were elucidated as digitoxigenin stearate, digitoxigenin palmitate, digitoxigenin myristate, 3-epidigitoxigenin beta-D-gentiobioside and(More)
We developed a new technology to induce embryoids by a moderate high temperature treatment from multiple shoots of PANAX GINSENG (Araliaceae). The number of formed embryoids was 10 times higher than that of untreated tissue. Normal plantlets were regenerated from the embryoids by transplanting them on a hormone-free medium. They contained ginsenosides Rb(More)
Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora hairy roots were induced from axenic young plants by direct infection with Agrobacterium rhizogenes. The chemical constituents were then investigated after mass culture. The isoflavone, licoagroisoflavone and the coumestan, licoagroside C, were isolated along with seven known flavonoids. Their structures were determined on the basis(More)