Masao Hirota

Learn More
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates immune and inflammatory responses, and its overproduction is a hallmark of inflammatory diseases. Inhibition of IL-6 signaling with the anti-IL-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab has provided some clinical benefit to patients; however, direct cytokine inhibition may be a more effective option. We(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a potent mediator of inflammatory and immune responses, and a validated target for therapeutic intervention of inflammatory diseases. Previous studies have shown that SL1026, a slow off-rate modified aptamer (SOMAmer) antagonist of IL-6, neutralizes IL-6 signaling in vitro. In the present study, we show that SL1026 delays the onset(More)
IL-6 is a secreted cytokine that functions through binding two cell surface receptors, IL-6Rα and gp130. Because of its involvement in the progression of several chronic inflammatory diseases, IL-6 is a target of pharmacologic interest. We have recently identified a novel class of ligands called SOMAmers (S low Off-rate Modified Aptamers) that bind IL-6 and(More)
Grepafloxacin is an asymmetric fluoroquinolone derivative which possesses high tissue penetrability as well as strong, broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities. We recently found that grepafloxacin induced a priming effect on neutrophil respiratory burst induced by N-formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine. In this report, we elucidate the precise mechanism of(More)
SELENE (Kaguya) is Japan’s first large lunar explorer aims to obtain the scientific data to investigate the origin and the evolution of the moon and to acquire engineering techniques for the future moon exploration and utilization. The nominal mission phase finished at the end of October 2008, and the extended mission phase started from the beginning of(More)
Although human neutrophils actively internalize fluoroquinolones, the precise uptake mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in fluoroquinolone uptake in neutrophils. Spontaneous grepafloxacin uptake was significantly enhanced by SB203580, a p38 MAPK(More)
The addition of novel side chains at the 5-position of uracil is an effective means to increase chemical diversity of aptamers and hence the success rate for discovery of high-affinity ligands to protein targets. Such modifications also increase nuclease resistance, which is useful in a range of applications, especially for therapeutics. In this study, we(More)
Measurements were made of induction of ornithine decarboxylase activity after painting mouse skin with 12-O-hexadecanoyl-16-hydroxyphorbol-13-acetate and its two epimeric 4-deoxy-analogs, 12-O-hexadecanoyl-4-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol-13-acetate and 12-O-hexadecanoyl-4-deoxy-4α-16-hydroxyphorbol-13-acetate. The inductive activities of HHPA and 4-deoxy-HHPA(More)
  • 1