Masao Fujiwara

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Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury occurs in the settings of transplantation, trauma, and elective liver resection. Ischemic preconditioning has been used as a strategy to reduce inflammation and organ damage from I/R of the liver. However, the mechanisms involved in this process are poorly understood. We examined the role of the phosphatidylinositol(More)
The incidence of gastric cancer has been increasing among elderly persons in Japan. This study aimed to clarify risk factors for postoperative complications in oldest old patients with gastric cancer. One-hundred ninety patients more than 75 years old with gastric cancer underwent gastrectomy between 2000 and 2011. Patients were classified into two groups:(More)
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS The appropriate closure of the pancreatic remnant after a distal pancreatectomy remains controversial. To describe a safer and simple distal pancreatectomy using an endopath stapler, with special emphasis on the slow parenchymal flattening technique. METHODOLOGY The slow parenchymal flattening technique (SFT) for a distal pancreatectomy(More)
Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) requires a reliable full-thickness suturing device and an endoscopic counter-traction device to prevent the collapse of the digestive tract. The present study aimed to assess the reliability of newly developed flexible endoscopy suturing devices and the feasibility of pure EFTR. A total of 30 EFTRs were performed(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE A consistent predictor for pancreatic fistula (PF) development in the early period after pancreatic resection is still lacking. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 54 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatic resection were enrolled between June 2007 and April 2010. Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and distal pancreatectomy (DP) were performed(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to assess the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) and liver function at 1 year after splenectomy in the patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS Forty-five patients with liver cirrhosis and hypersplenism underwent LS. We reviewed electronic medical records regarding the liver functional reserve, the etiology of liver(More)
Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common complication following left-sided hepatectomy. The goal of this study was to clarify the clinical implications of an omental flap wrapping procedure that includes fixation to the cut surface of the liver to reduce the incidence of DGE after left-sided hepatectomy. The study included 50 consecutive patients who(More)
BACKGROUND Chemoresistance is a serious problem in pancreatic cancer, but the mechanism of resistance and strategies against the resistance have not been elucidated. We examined the potential of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt inhibitor LY294002 to enhance the anti-tumor effect of cisplatin and investigated the mechanism of chemoresistance in(More)
AIM To demonstrate the clinical outcomes of a multicenter experience and to suggest guidelines for choosing a suction method. METHODS This retrospective study at 5 medical centers involved 58 consecutive patients undergoing over-the-scope clips (OTSCs) placement. The overall rates of technical success (TSR), clinical success (CSR), complications, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Small gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) rarely have malignant potential with poor prognosis. Using conventional imaging to differentiate between small GISTs and leiomyoma, which often have similar characteristics, is difficult but essential in daily practice. Although some studies have reported on the utility of serum c-kit(More)