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NF-kappaB is a critical regulator of genes involved in inflammation. Gastric epithelial cells and macrophages are considered the main sources of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We investigated NF-kappaB activation by Helicobacter pylori in MKN45 gastric epithelial cells and THP-1 monocytic cells. Although, cag pathogenicity island (PAI)-positive H. pylori (wild(More)
α-fetoprotein (AFP) is not only a widely used biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance, but is also clinically recognized as linked with aggressive tumour behaviour. Here we show that deregulation of microRNA122, a liver-specific microRNA, is a cause of both AFP elevation and a more biologically aggressive phenotype in HCC. We identify CUX1,(More)
Nucleic acid amplification was performed for five loci in the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) of Helicobacter pylori (comprising cagA, the cagA promoter region, cagE, cagT, and the left end of cagII [LEC]), and gastric inflammation in patients was evaluated. Of 204 H. pylori isolates from Japanese patients (53 with peptic ulcer, 55 with gastric cancer, and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS H. pylori infection on gastric epithelial cells has been shown to induce NF-kappaB activation, but the mechanism of intracellular signal conduction that leads to NF-kappaB activation is not clear. The aim of this study was to analyze the molecular mechanism responsible for H. pylori-mediated NF-kappaB activation on gastric cancer cells. (More)
Few virulence determinants of Helicobacter pylori have been tested in vivo. We conducted this study to establish an animal model for their screening. Six-week-old male Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with wild-type H. pylori (TN2) or its isogenic mutant with deletion of cagE (TN2DeltacagE), total cag pathogenicity island (TN2DeltacagPAI), HP0499(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has long been recognized as a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC) and recently has attracted attention as a manifestation of PaC. Diabetes is expected to be a clue for the early detection of PaC; however, no effective screening strategy has been established. Forty diabetic patients with PaC were identified and compared with 120(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is one of the key molecules involved in the cellular response to DNA damage. A portion of activated ATM is exported from the nucleus into the cytoplasm, where it activates the I kappa B kinase/nuclear factor kappa B (IKK/NF-κB) signaling pathway. It has been thought that activated IKKβ, which is a critical kinase for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infection with Helicobacter pylori possessing the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) is associated with severe gastritis and gastric cancer. CagA protein, one of the products of cag PAI, is translocated into epithelial cells, where cytoskeletal rearrangements occur as a result of CagA tyrosine (Tyr) phosphorylation. Here we identify a new role(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a threat to public health worldwide. We previously identified the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the promoter region of the MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) gene with the risk of hepatitis-virus-related HCC. Because this SNP affects MICA expression levels, regulating MICA(More)
Helicobacter pylori induces cellular proliferation in host cells, but the mechanism remains unclear. Thus, we examined the effect of H. pylori on cyclin D1, an important regulator of the cell cycle, especially in relation to intracellular signaling pathways. In a Northern blot analysis, cyclin D1 transcription in gastric cancer (AGS) cells was enhanced by(More)