Masao Akanuma

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NF-kappaB is a critical regulator of genes involved in inflammation. Gastric epithelial cells and macrophages are considered the main sources of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We investigated NF-kappaB activation by Helicobacter pylori in MKN45 gastric epithelial cells and THP-1 monocytic cells. Although, cag pathogenicity island (PAI)-positive H. pylori (wild(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infection with Helicobacter pylori possessing the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) is associated with severe gastritis and gastric cancer. CagA protein, one of the products of cag PAI, is translocated into epithelial cells, where cytoskeletal rearrangements occur as a result of CagA tyrosine (Tyr) phosphorylation. Here we identify a new role(More)
α-fetoprotein (AFP) is not only a widely used biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance, but is also clinically recognized as linked with aggressive tumour behaviour. Here we show that deregulation of microRNA122, a liver-specific microRNA, is a cause of both AFP elevation and a more biologically aggressive phenotype in HCC. We identify CUX1,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS H. pylori infection on gastric epithelial cells has been shown to induce NF-kappaB activation, but the mechanism of intracellular signal conduction that leads to NF-kappaB activation is not clear. The aim of this study was to analyze the molecular mechanism responsible for H. pylori-mediated NF-kappaB activation on gastric cancer cells. (More)
Nucleic acid amplification was performed for five loci in the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) of Helicobacter pylori (comprising cagA, the cagA promoter region, cagE, cagT, and the left end of cagII [LEC]), and gastric inflammation in patients was evaluated. Of 204 H. pylori isolates from Japanese patients (53 with peptic ulcer, 55 with gastric cancer, and(More)
Few virulence determinants of Helicobacter pylori have been tested in vivo. We conducted this study to establish an animal model for their screening. Six-week-old male Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with wild-type H. pylori (TN2) or its isogenic mutant with deletion of cagE (TN2DeltacagE), total cag pathogenicity island (TN2DeltacagPAI), HP0499(More)
Polyphenols are representative bioactive substances with diverse biological effects. Here, we show that apigenin, a flavonoid, has suppressive effects on microRNA (miRNA) function. The effects were mediated by impaired maturation of a subset of miRNAs, probably through inhibition of the phosphorylation of TRBP, a component of miRNA-generating complexes via(More)
E-cadherin is an important adhesion molecule whose loss is associated with progression and poor prognosis of liver cancer. However, it is unclear whether the loss of E-cadherin is a real culprit or a bystander in liver cancer progression. In addition, the precise role of E-cadherin in maintaining liver homeostasis is also still unknown, especially in vivo.(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that affects various functions, including tumor development. Although the importance of IL-6 in gastric cancer has been documented in experimental and clinical studies, the mechanism by which IL-6 promotes gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of IL-6 in the epithelial-stromal(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has long been recognized as a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC) and recently has attracted attention as a manifestation of PaC. Diabetes is expected to be a clue for the early detection of PaC; however, no effective screening strategy has been established. Forty diabetic patients with PaC were identified and compared with 120(More)