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BACKGROUND & AIMS H. pylori infection on gastric epithelial cells has been shown to induce NF-kappaB activation, but the mechanism of intracellular signal conduction that leads to NF-kappaB activation is not clear. The aim of this study was to analyze the molecular mechanism responsible for H. pylori-mediated NF-kappaB activation on gastric cancer cells. (More)
Few virulence determinants of Helicobacter pylori have been tested in vivo. We conducted this study to establish an animal model for their screening. Six-week-old male Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with wild-type H. pylori (TN2) or its isogenic mutant with deletion of cagE (TN2DeltacagE), total cag pathogenicity island (TN2DeltacagPAI), HP0499(More)
Nucleic acid amplification was performed for five loci in the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) of Helicobacter pylori (comprising cagA, the cagA promoter region, cagE, cagT, and the left end of cagII [LEC]), and gastric inflammation in patients was evaluated. Of 204 H. pylori isolates from Japanese patients (53 with peptic ulcer, 55 with gastric cancer, and(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) has long been recognized as a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC) and recently has attracted attention as a manifestation of PaC. Diabetes is expected to be a clue for the early detection of PaC; however, no effective screening strategy has been established. METHODS Forty diabetic patients with PaC were identified and(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is one of the key molecules involved in the cellular response to DNA damage. A portion of activated ATM is exported from the nucleus into the cytoplasm, where it activates the I kappa B kinase/nuclear factor kappa B (IKK/NF-κB) signaling pathway. It has been thought that activated IKKβ, which is a critical kinase for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an important transcription factor involved in various biological processes, including carcinogenesis. However, it is unknown whether NF-kappaB activation is involved in gastric carcinogenesis. METHODS To explore the roles of inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKKbeta), the key kinase for NF-kappaB(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a threat to public health worldwide. We previously identified the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the promoter region of the MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) gene with the risk of hepatitis-virus-related HCC. Because this SNP affects MICA expression levels, regulating MICA(More)
Although Helicobacter pylori is classified as a definite carcinogen, the mechanism underlying gastric carcinogenesis is not yet clear. We previously have shown that H. pylori activates an antiapoptotic gene, the cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (c-IAP2), the underlying mechanism of which was investigated in the present study. cDNA array and(More)
NF-kappaB is a critical regulator of genes involved in inflammation. Gastric epithelial cells and macrophages are considered the main sources of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We investigated NF-kappaB activation by Helicobacter pylori in MKN45 gastric epithelial cells and THP-1 monocytic cells. Although, cag pathogenicity island (PAI)-positive H. pylori (wild(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that affects various functions, including tumor development. Although the importance of IL-6 in gastric cancer has been documented in experimental and clinical studies, the mechanism by which IL-6 promotes gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of IL-6 in the epithelial-stromal(More)