Masao Akamatsu

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As a step to elucidate the structural requirements for the endotoxic and antagonistic activity of lipid A derivatives, we have focused, in the present study, on the effects of the acyl moieties and acidic groups at the 1- and 4'- positions. We synthesized a new analogue corresponding to Rubrivivax gelatinosus lipid A, which has a characteristic symmetrical(More)
A great variety of non-competitive antagonists of ionotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors have been reported. While they are structurally diverse, there are common features in their structures. Thus, it was hypothesized that they bind to an identical site in different or overlapping orientations, and this hypothesis was validated by(More)
Twenty-eight picrotoxane terpenoids, including picrodendrins isolated from the Euphorbiaceae plant, Picrodendron baccatum (L.) Krug and Urban, have been evaluated for their ability to inhibit the specific binding of [3H]EBOB, the noncompetitive antagonist of ionotropic GABA receptors, to rat-brain and housefly (Musca domestica L.)-head membranes.(More)
For elucidation of the structural and conformational requirements on the endotoxic and antagonistic activity of lipid A derivatives, we designed and synthesized lipid A analogues containing acidic amino acid residues in place of the non-reducing end phosphorylated glucosamine. Definite switching of the endotoxic or antagonistic activity was observed(More)
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