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Semaphorins, originally identified as axon guidance facto s in the nervous system, play integral roles in organogenesis. Here, we demonstrate a critical involvement of Sema6D in cardiac morphogenesis. Ectopic expression of Sema6D o RNA interference against Sema6D induces expansion or narrowing of the ventricular chamber, respectively, during chick embryonic(More)
Cardiac chamber formation involves dynamic changes in myocardial organization, including trabeculation and expansion of the compact layer. The positional cues that regulate myocardial patterning, however, remain unclear. Through ligation of the Plexin-A1 receptor, the transmembrane-type semaphorin Sema6D regulates endocardial cell migration. Here, we(More)
The gap junction protein connexin-43 is normally located at the intercalated discs of cardiac myocytes, and it plays a critical role in the synchronization of their contraction. The mechanism by which connexin-43 is localized within cardiac myocytes is unknown. However, localization of connexin-43 likely involves an interaction with the cytoskeleton;(More)
Given the essential role played by gap junctions in the coordination of cardiac muscle contraction, it is plausible that down-regulation of gap junctional conduction is in part responsible for the contractile dysfunction observed in hypertrophied and failing hearts. In the present study, we analyzed the expression and function of the gap junction protein,(More)
Originally identified as axon guidance molecules, semaphorins are now known to be widely expressed mediators that play significant roles in immune responses and organ morphogenesis. However, not much is known about the signaling pathways via which they exert their organ-specific effects. Here we demonstrate that Sema4A, previously identified as an activator(More)
In excitable cells, intracellular Ca2+ is released via the ryanodine receptor from the intracellular Ca2+ storing structure, the sarcoplasmic reticulum. To determine whether this released Ca2+ propagates through gap junctions to neighboring cells and thereby constitutes a long range signaling network, we developed a cell system in which cells expressing(More)
Ca-ATPase regulates intracellular Ca levels by pumping Ca into sarcoplasmic reticulum. Phospholamban (PLN) functions as an inhibitory cofactor for cardiac Ca-ATPase (SERCA2). To define the molecular mode of interaction between two proteins, interaction sites have been identified. Studies using photoactivated cross-linker and chimeric Ca-ATPase between(More)