Masanori Tomita

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Cellular activities within the brain display regional specificity and a neuronal and glia interdependence. Components characterizing the regional specificity of neurons have been identified. However, characterization of the astrocyte remains in question. To identify region specific features of astrocytes, we have characterized the molecular phenotype of(More)
The human colon can be described as a complex microbial ecosystem, comprising several hundred bacterial species. Some of these enteric bacteria are beneficial to the host and have been shown to exert antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic properties. We have investigated the colon tumor inhibitory activity of Bifidobacterium longum, a lactic acid-producing(More)
To clarify the mechanism of cytotoxic edema, NaCl and colloid solutions were separated isoosmotically by an artificial, electronegatively charged membrane. Under control conditions, no fluid movement occurred through the membrane since it was almost impermeable, even to small ions due to high charge density of the membrane. Following elimination of the(More)
Cytokines are important mediators of immune regulation and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the neurological disturbances, which occur in up to sixty percent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies against nuclear antigens, including native DNA. Cytokines(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease of unknown etiology accompanied by central nervous system involvement in up to 60% of patients. The current study chronicles the expression of cerebellar dysfunction in SLE using MRL-lpr/lpr mice as the experimental model. These mice spontaneously develop an illness that has immunological and(More)
The potential for carcinogenic risks is increased by radiation-induced bystander responses; these responses are the biological effects in unirradiated cells that receive signals from the neighboring irradiated cells. Bystander responses have attracted attention in modern radiobiology because they are characterized by non-linear responses to low-dose(More)
The microcolony assay developed by Withers and Elkind has been a gold standard to assess the surviving fraction of small intestinal stem cells after exposure to high (≥8 Gy) doses of ionizing radiation (IR), but is not applicable in cases of exposure to lower doses. Here, we developed a novel in vitro assay that enables assessment of the surviving fraction(More)
Elucidating the biological effect of low linear energy transfer (LET), low-dose and/or low-dose-rate ionizing radiation is essential in ensuring radiation safety. Over the past two decades, non-targeted effects, which are not only a direct consequence of radiation-induced initial lesions produced in cellular DNA but also of intra- and inter-cellular(More)
XRCC4 is a protein associated with DNA Ligase IV, which is thought to join two DNA ends at the final step of DNA double-strand break repair through non-homologous end joining. In response to treatment with ionizing radiation or DNA damaging agents, XRCC4 undergoes DNA-PK-dependent phosphorylation. Furthermore, Ser260 and Ser320 (or Ser318 in alternatively(More)
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