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Management of neonates with trisomy 18 is controversial, supposedly due to the prognosis and the lack of precise clinical information concerning efficacy of treatment. To delineate the natural history of trisomy 18 managed under intensive treatment, we reviewed detailed clinical data of 24 patients with full trisomy 18 admitted to the neonatal intensive(More)
Congenital brain tumors (CBTs), defined as tumors presenting within 60 days after birth, are extremely rare and account for only 0.5-1.9% of all pediatric brain tumors. Teratoma is the most common type of CBT, although there are many other poorly described forms. Prenatal diagnosis of CBT is often difficult and usually based on clinical characteristics and(More)
Note From the Writing Group: Throughout this article, the reader will notice combinations of superscripted letters and numbers (eg, " Peripartum Suctioning NRP-011A, NRP-012A "). These callouts are hyperlinked to evidence-based worksheets, which were used in the development of this article. An appendix of worksheets, applicable to this article, is located(More)
Progressive aortic dilation occurs in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), possibly due to abnormal histopathology of the aortic media that weakens the aortic wall. This medial histopathology may be reflected as aortic stiffness, which in turn may predict progressive aortic dilation. To test this theory, we studied the relationship between aortic wall(More)
BACKGROUND Production of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT) and BNP is equimolar. Although NT clearance occurs only in the kidneys, BNP clearance occurs in the kidneys and other organs. This study tested the hypothesis that NT/BNP ratio in children may be independently related to cystatin C (CysC), a glomerular filtration rate marker, when(More)
This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that noninvasive echocardiographic indexes obtained using early diastolic mitral annular and inflow velocities reflect diastolic function in children. We included in this study 61 consecutive pediatric patients (age 0.4–13 years) who underwent cardiac catheterization for various heart diseases with(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of the level of inhaled oxygen during resuscitation on the levels of free radicals and anti-oxidative capacity in the heparinized venous blood of preterm infants. Forty four preterm infants <35 weeks of gestation with mild to moderate neonatal asphyxia were randomized into two groups. The first group(More)
BACKGROUND Neurological disadvantages due to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) are still very serious problems. In order to support the infant with HIE, it is important to evaluate the severity of the brain injury early. The authors performed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the neonatal brain in order to assess the clinical value of(More)
BACKGROUND There is no information on heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF, EF >50%) in children. METHODS AND RESULTS Through a retrospective review of 3,907 pediatric patients with cardiovascular disease, we examined the characteristics of pediatric HFpEF over a 10-year period. We identified 18 patients with HFpEF (0.5%). They were(More)
BACKGROUND Selective head cooling in the newborn infant has been proposed as a neuroprotective treatment with a lower level of systemic adverse effect than that of systemic hypothermia. However, the efficacy is not confirmed as well as that of systemic hypothermia. In order to analyze the safety and efficacy of selective head cooling, 25 newborn piglets(More)