Masanori Nakashima

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BACKGROUND Celiac plexus neurolysis (CPN) is an established treatment for upper abdominal cancer pain. Recently, endoscopic ultrasound-guided CPN (EUS-CPN) was introduced and has enabled the performance of CPN under real-time imaging guidance, thereby making this technique much safer and easier. However, this procedure is not always efficacious, and a(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic biliary stenting is a well-established palliative treatment for unresectable malignant biliary strictures, for which plastic tube stents (PSs) and self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) are most commonly used. The efficacy of these stents has been extensively described in distal biliary strictures, but not in hilar biliary strictures.(More)
BACKGROUND EUS-guided FNA (EUS-FNA) has become the most efficacious way to obtain specimens from a solid lesion adjacent to the GI tract. Previous reports regarding the use of a stylet during EUS-FNA were all based on cytological diagnosis and have showed no significant superiority in terms of diagnostic yield. OBJECTIVE To clarify the noninferiority of(More)
Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (Rho-kinase/ROCK) is involved in various cellular functions including cell proliferation, and is generally considered to be oncogenic, while some studies show that ROCK functions as a negative regulator of cancer progression. As a result, the precise role of ROCK remains controversial. We have previously(More)
BACKGROUND Although rapid on-site cytologic evaluation provides high efficacy of EUS-guided FNA (EUS-FNA), its availability is limited. Alternatively, macroscopic on-site quality evaluation (MOSE) may increase the efficacy of EUS-FNA. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of MOSE in estimating the adequacy of histologic core specimens obtained by EUS-FNA using(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Histologic techniques are used to distinguish autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) from pancreatic malignancies and to confirm the etiology of pancreatitis. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a well-established technique used in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. However, it is unclear whether specimens obtained(More)
Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is widely performed in patients with common bile duct stones (CBDS). However, the long-term outcomes of patients following ES have not been sufficiently elucidated. Impaired papillary function following ES may result in additional late complications. In contrast, endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD)—another option for(More)
Gemcitabine, an antitumor drug, is currently considered to be the standard of care for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer, but the clinical outcome is still not satisfactory. Although heat shock protein (HSP) 27 is implicated in the resistance to chemotherapy in several types of cancers, the precise role of phosphorylated HSP27 in cancer cells(More)
UNLABELLED The prognosis of pancreatic cancer is extremely poor as a result of the difficulty in early detection of small pancreatic cancer and the intractable nature of appropriate anti-cancer therapies. Computed tomography (CT) is generally used for initial screening, but imaging sensitivities are generally insufficient to detect small masses. Endoscopic(More)
It has been reported that Rho and Rho-kinase are involved in actin cytoskeleton organization and associated with carcinogenesis and progression of human cancers. However, the mechanism how the Rho/Rho-kinase pathway is involved in cell cycle progression has not been precisely characterized. In this study, we investigated the role of Rho-kinase in epidermal(More)