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BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has recently been developed for endoscopic treatment of GI tumors, which enables us to resect even large tumors en bloc. However, a considerable frequency of perforation has become another problem. The best way to prevent perforation is to create a sufficient submucosal fluid cushion (SFC). The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Residual or locally recurrent lesions may occur after endoscopic therapy for epithelial colorectal tumors. Additional endoscopic mucosal resection is difficult for large lesions. Endoscopic submucosal dissection may be useful for such lesions, but may be more technically difficult for residual/locally recurrent lesions than for(More)
Previous studies investigating thrombus formation have not focused on the physical interaction between red blood cells (RBCs) and thrombus, although they have been speculated that some pathological conditions such as microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) stem from interactions between RBCs and thrombi. In this study, we investigated the mechanical(More)
Two cases of hepatoblastoma with unique karyotypic changes are described. One case was that of a 2-year-old boy with an unbalanced chromosomal translocation involving 4q35 as the sole chromosomal abnormality. The clonal karyotype of this tumor was 46,XY,add(4)(q35)[3]/46,XY[9]. In the other case, that of a 2-year-old boy, karyotypic analyses revealed the(More)
A disintegrin and metalloproteases (ADAMs) are a family of proteins that have been reported to be involved in several inflammatory conditions. We examined the secretion of ADAM-10 in biological fluids from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the role it plays in monocyte migration. ADAM-10 levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
Members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family are the most important growth factors involved in epithelialization during cutaneous wound healing. Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a member of the EGF family, is thought to play an important role in skin wound healing. To investigate the in vivo function of HB-EGF in skin wound healing,(More)
IL-1 (interleukin-1) acts as a key mediator of the degeneration of articular cartilage in RA (rheumatoid arthritis) and OA (osteoarthritis),where chondrocyte death is observed. It is still controversial, however, whether IL-1 induces chondrocyte death. In the present study, the viability of mouse chondrocyte-like ATDC5 cells was reduced by the treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Atheromatous aorta and carotid artery disease are known predictors for stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The clinical significance of intracranial cerebral artery disease is not known. This study was designed to determine whether a therapeutic strategy based on perioperative detection of intracranial and extracranial occlusive(More)
Coil embolization is performed to induce flow stagnation in cerebral aneurysms and enhance blood clot formation, thus preventing rupture and further growth. We investigated hemodynamics in differently positioned aneurysms coiled at various packing densities to determine the effective packing density in terms of flow stagnation. As a first step, hemodynamic(More)
The present study was designed to investigate whether hydrolysis of synthetic octacalcium phosphate (OCP) into hydroxyapatite affects bone formation. Mouse bone marrow stromal ST-2 cells and primary calvarial osteoblastic cells were cultured on the dishes pre-coated with OCP or its hydrolyzed Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite (OCP hydrolyzate; HL). The capacity(More)