Masanori Murakoshi

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In an attempt to elucidate the functional role of the three zones of the adrenal cortex, the localization of microsomal cytochrome P-450s (P450(17)alpha,lyase and P-450C21) and their relation to steroidogenesis in the guinea-pig adrenal cortex were studied. The intracellular localization and zonal distribution of P-450(17)alpha,lyase and P-450C21 were(More)
The effect of chlormadinone acetate (CMA), a synthetic steroidal antiandrogen, on spontaneous benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in dogs was investigated. Male beagle dogs (5-8 years old) were divided into four experimental group. Group 1 consisted of untreated controls. Groups 2 and 3 received CMA 0.03 and 0.1 mg/kg/day, p.o., respectively, for 6 months.(More)
TZT-1027, a dolastatin 10 derivative, is an antimicrotubule agent with potent antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we performed biochemical and histopathological examinations, and evaluated TZT-1027-induced tumoral vascular collapse and tumor cell death in an advanced tumor model, murine colon 26 adenocarcinoma. In addition, we(More)
One of the major dose-limiting toxicities induced by antimicrotubule antitumor agents such as vinca alkaloids and taxanes is peripheral neuropathy. The neurotoxicity of TZT-1027 (a dolastatin 10 derivative antimicrotubule agent) was thus assessed using the animal models for antimicrotubule agent-induced neurotoxicity. Rabbits were intravenously given(More)
The peroxidase-labeled antibody method and the avidin-biotin-complex method with antiserum to purified human kidney renin were used to identify renin in human endocrine tissues. Renin immunoreactivity was found in some large cells of the anterior pituitary, the zona glomerulosa and the zona reticularis of the adrenal, the Leydig cells of the testis, and the(More)
The effects of testosterone (T) and 17 beta-estradiol (E2) on the prostate of castrated rats were investigated by histopathological and immunocytochemical procedures. A significant increase in prostatic weight occurred after 6 weeks treatment with T alone and in combination with E2. The greatest increase in prostatic weight occurred after the administration(More)
We investigated the application of immuno-electron microscopic (EM) observation of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), one of the surface markers of neoplastic epithelium, to the cytologic diagnosis of mammary cells in smears and imprints. Smears were stained by the indirect peroxidase-labeled antibody method after a modified Karnovsky fixation (4%(More)
In order to gain morphological insights about the cell density dependency, hepatocytes cultured at a low cell density (less than about 0.1 X 10(5) nuclei (cm2)-1) and at a high cell density (greater than about 1 X 10(5) nuclei (cm2)-1) were examined ultrastructurally 24 h after plating (just prior to the beginning of DNA synthesis). The results were as(More)
Vincristine is an effective chemotherapeutic agent for a variety of human neoplasms, but has dose-limiting neurotoxicity. Since laboratory rodents have proven to be refractive in such neurotoxicological studies, we conducted a neuropathological and behavioral assessment in rabbits treated with vincristine at doses known to be both chemotherapeutically(More)
In order to confirm the functional status of adrenal gland in human anencephalic fetuses, an enzyme histochemical and ultrastructural approach was used to study the adrenocortical cells of normal and anencephalic human fetuses. In the adrenal gland of the anencephalic fetuses (32nd, 34th and 36th week of gestation), enzyme histochemical activities of(More)