Masanori Miyata

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Lung injury, whether induced by infection or caustic chemicals, initiates a series of complex wound-healing responses. If uncontrolled, these responses may lead to fibrotic lung diseases and loss of function. Thus, resolution of lung injury must be tightly regulated. The key regulatory proteins required for tightly controlling the resolution of lung injury(More)
Amyloid fibril formation of mutant transthyretin (TTR) that causes familial amyloid polyneuropathy occurs in the extracellular space. Thus, secretion of TTR variants contributes to the pathogenesis of amyloidosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit or retention and subsequent degradation of TTR variants remain(More)
Amyloid fibril formation is associated with protein misfolding disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases. Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a hereditary disease caused by a point mutation of the human plasma protein, transthyretin (TTR), which binds and transports thyroxine (T(4)). TTR(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a tetrameric protein associated with amyloidosis caused by tetramer dissociation and monomer misfolding. The structure of two TTR variants (E54G and E54K) with Glu54 point mutation that cause clinically aggressive amyloidosis remains unclear, although amyloidogenicity of artificial triple mutations (residues 53-55) in beta-strand D(More)
The gene encoding enzyme IIA(glc) (EIIA) of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system of Mycoplasma capricolum was cloned into a regulated expression vector. The purified protein product of the overexpressed gene was characterized as an active phosphoacceptor from HPr with a higher pI than previously described EIIAs. M. capricolum EIIA was(More)
Glucocorticoids are among the most commonly used anti-inflammatory agents. Despite the enormous efforts in elucidating the glucocorticoid-mediated anti-inflammatory actions, how glucocorticoids tightly control overactive inflammatory response is not fully understood. Here we show that glucocorticoids suppress bacteria-induced inflammation by enhancing(More)
The secretion of transthyretin (TTR) variants contributes to the pathogenesis of amyloidosis because they form aggregates in the extracellular environment. However, the mechanism of how TTR variants pass the quality control system in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has not yet been elucidated. We investigated here the mechanism of how TTR passes ER(More)
The deubiquitinase CYLD acts as a key negative regulator to tightly control overactive inflammation. Most anti-inflammatory strategies have focused on directly targeting the positive regulator, which often results in significant side effects such as suppression of the host defence response. Here, we show that inhibition of phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B)(More)
Nascent secretory proteins are extensively scrutinized at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Various signatures of client proteins, including exposure of hydrophobic patches or unpaired sulfhydryls, are coordinately utilized to reduce nonnative proteins in the ER. We report here the cryptic N-glycosylation site as a recognition signal for unfolding of a(More)
Patients with head and neck cancers that produce a high concentration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinomas who have elevated serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations have been found previously to be at significant risk for tumor invasion to adjacent organs as well as frequent metastases. This(More)