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Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) spontaneously transdifferentiate into myofibroblast (MFB)-phenotype on plastic dishes. This response recapitulates the features of activation in vivo. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays a prominent role in stimulating liver fibrogenesis by MFBs. In quiescent HSCs, TGF-beta signaling involves TGF-beta type I(More)
During chronic liver injury, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays a prominent role in stimulating liver fibrogenesis by myofibroblast-like cells derived from hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). On the other hand, Smad 7 was recently shown to antagonize the TGF-beta-induced activation of signal-transducing Smads (2 and 3). In this study, we(More)
Resistance to growth inhibitory effects of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta is a frequent consequence of malignant transformation. On the other hand, serum concentrations of TGF-beta, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are elevated as tumor progresses. The molecular mechanism of autocrine(More)
The serum concentration of transforming growth factor ␤ (TGF-␤) is elevated as tumors progress in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. INK4B expression. In addition, 3 of 10 human HCC tissues showed nuclear localization of Smad 2 and low mRNA levels of p15 INK4B and antagonistic Smads but a high level of PAI-1. Our observations suggest that this(More)
PURPOSE Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays an important role in the development of choroidal neovascularization. TGF-beta transduces signals through the mediation of type I and type II receptors. We investigated the expression of TGF-beta receptors in a normal rat retina and a model of experimentally induced choroidal neovascularization. (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Tumor-mesenchymal interactions are involved in the mechanism of tumor invasion in several types of carcinoma. Mutual interactions between carcinoma cells and neutrophils, however, have been poorly understood. In the present study we examined the effect of neutrophils on invasion activities of carcinoma cells in vitro. Role of hepatocyte(More)
Self-incompatibility (SI) discriminating self and non-self pollen is regulated by S-locus genes in Brassica. In most S haplotypes, a set of three highly polymorphic genes, SLG, SRK, and SP11, is located at the S-locus region. In the present study, we found duplicated SP11 genes, S15-SP11a, S15-SP11b, and S15-SP11b', in the self-incompatible S15 haplotype of(More)
Parrots and songbirds learn their vocalizations from a conspecific tutor, much like human infants acquire spoken language. Parrots can learn human words and it has been suggested that they can use them to communicate with humans. The caudomedial pallium in the parrot brain is homologous with that of songbirds, and analogous to the human auditory association(More)
We present a 68 years old woman who was referred to our department due to impaired liver function. Hepatitis A IgM antibody and anti-nuclear antibody were positive, IgG, and gamma-globulin were elevated. Percutaneous liver biopsy was performed and autoimmune hepatitis was suspected pathologically. Oral administration of ursodeoxycholic acid was started and(More)
Based on the results of a retrospective review of clinical data on inpatients with gastric ulcer treated at our department, we devised on original clinical pathway and tested it in the clinical setting. From the results obtained, we created an improved clinical pathway and evaluated its usefulness. The duration of hospitalization was 16.2 +/- 6.9 (mean +/-(More)