Masanori Kugita

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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a hereditary disorder with abnormal cellular proliferation, fluid accumulation in numerous cysts, remodeling of extracellular matrix, inflammation, and fibrosis in the kidney and liver. The two major types of PKD show autosomal dominant (ADPKD) or autosomal recessive inheritance (ARPKD). ADPKD is one of the most common(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) in Han:SPRD Cy rats is caused by a missense mutation in Anks6 (also called Pkdr1), leading to an R823W substitution in SamCystin, a protein that contains ankyrin repeats and a sterile alpha motif (SAM). The cellular function of SamCystin and the role of the Cy (R823W) mutation in cyst formation are unknown. In normal SPRD(More)
In autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), progressive enlargement of fluid-filled cysts is due to aberrant proliferation of tubule epithelial cells and transepithelial fluid secretion leading to extensive nephron loss and interstitial fibrosis. Congenital hepatic fibrosis associated with biliary cysts/dilatations is the most common(More)
Recombinant rotavirus (RV) with cDNA-derived chimeric VP4 was generated using recently developed reverse genetics for RV. The rescued virus, KU//rVP4(SA11)-II(DS-1), contains SA11 (simian RV strain, G3P[2])-based VP4, in which a cross-reactive neutralization epitope (amino acids 381 to 401) on VP5* is replaced by the corresponding sequence of a different(More)
Han:SPRD Cy is a spontaneous rat model of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) caused by a missense mutation in Pkdr1. Cystogenesis in this model is not clearly understood. In the current study, we performed global gene expression profiling in early-stage PKD cyst development in Cy/Cy kidneys and normal (+/+) kidneys at 3 and 7 days of postnatal age. Expression(More)
Kidneys are enlarged by aberrant proliferation of tubule epithelial cells leading to the formation of numerous cysts, nephron loss, and interstitial fibrosis in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Pioglitazone (PIO), a PPAR-γ agonist, decreased cell proliferation, interstitial fibrosis, and inflammation, and ameliorated PKD progression in PCK rats (Am. J.(More)
Daisuke Yoshihara, Hiroki Kurahashi, Miwa Morita, Masanori Kugita, Yoshiyuki Hiki, Harold M. Aukema, Tamio Yamaguchi, James P. Calvet, Darren P. Wallace, and Shizuko Nagao Education and Research Center of Animal Models for Human Diseases, Division of Molecular Genetics, Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, School of Health Sciences, Fujita Health(More)
Cystic kidney diseases are characterized by multiple renal cysts and are the leading cause of inherited renal disease. Oxylipins are bioactive lipids derived from fatty acids formed via cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase and cytochrome P450 activity, and are important regulators of renal health and disease. Oxylipins are altered in nephronophthisis, a type of(More)
Rotavirus is the leading pathogen for acute gastroenteritis in mammals and birds. Although the reverse genetics system has been utilized in many viruses, the system using a helper virus was developed for rotavirus in 2006. As a step for antigenic analysis of VP4 antigen of rotavirus, we prepared an infectious rotavirus with a spike protein VP4 having an(More)
Increased intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) in renal tubular epithelia accelerates the progression of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Thus, decreasing cAMP levels by an adenylyl cyclase inhibitory G protein activator is considered to be an effective approach in ameliorating PKD. In fact, pasireotide (PAS) was effective in reducing disease progression in(More)