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We investigated the occurrence of T cells in the brain parenchyma of Alzheimer's disease (AD), non-AD degenerative dementias and controls by semi-quantitative analysis of immunohistochemically stained tissue sections. In all cases, we found at least some T cells. The number of T cells was increased in the majority of AD cases compared with other cases. The(More)
We investigated Lewy pathologies in the claustrum and the related cerebral cortices and subcortical nuclei of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) brains using alpha-synuclein-immunohistochemistry to clarify the relationship between Lewy pathology in the claustrum and visual misidentification of DLB patients. The claustrum is known to have strong reciprocal(More)
We report a 67-year-old man with 4-repeat (4R) tauopathy sharing both features of corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Although CBD and PSP have a common pathological feature that 4R tau accumulates in neurons and glia, recent pathological studies have confirmed differences between the two disorders. Clinical features of(More)
We investigated postmortem human brain tissues to determine whether systemic inflammation causes activation of vascular endothelial cells and perivascular cells. In some cases, we used serum concentrations of an acute-phase reactant, C-reactive protein (CRP), as an index of systemic inflammation. Since the serum concentration of CRP at the agonal stage was(More)
Using alpha-synuclein-immunohistochemistry, 27 brains of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) were investigated to identify the progression of Lewy pathology including Lewy bodies (LB) and LB-related neurites in the cerebrum. The numbers of alpha-synuclein-positive LB and LB-related neurites were semiquantitatively evaluated in the amygdala, hippocampus,(More)
We examined 19 autopsied cases of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) using pathological and alpha-synuclein-immunohistochemical methods, and investigated Lewy pathology in the primary visual pathway (lateral geniculate body and Brodmann's area 17), secondary visual pathway (pulvinar, Brodmann's areas 18 and 19, and inferior temporal cortex), amygdala and(More)
We reclassified the pathological subtypes of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), based on both Lewy pathology and Alzheimer pathology, to clarify the pathological entity of DLB and the boundary between DLB and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in autopsied cases, using both pathological and immunohistochemical methods. DLB was classified as either limbic type or(More)
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a manifestation of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) accumulation in the elderly as well as in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Two types of CAA have been noted, based on the type of vasculature in which Abeta is deposited: cerebral capillary amyloid angiopathy (capCAA) and non-capCAA. Non-capCAA is a common form of(More)
We immunohistochemically investigated the degeneration of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) brains. TH-positive neurons in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus were decreased in number, and were rarely associated with Lewy bodies (LB) or neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). A mild(More)
Familial British dementia (FBD) is characterized neuropathologically by deposition of a unique amyloid-forming protein, ABri. It is a fragment of an abnormal form of a precursor protein, BRI. In FBD, BRI is elongated by 11 amino acids due to a point mutation that prevents recognition of the normal stop codon. We have investigated the expression of normal(More)