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OBJECTIVE To investigate the biological significance of single nucleotide polymorphism at codon 72 of the p53 gene in the development of gynecological cancer. METHODS p53 codon 72 polymorphism was examined in a total of 354 blood samples from 95 normal, 83 cervical, 108 endometrial and 68 ovarian cancer cases using polymerase chain reaction and(More)
OBJECTIVE A current working model for the metastatic process of ovarian carcinoma suggests that cancer cells are shed from the ovarian tumor into the peritoneal cavity and attach to the layer of mesothelial cells that line the inner surface of the peritoneum, and several studies suggest that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) plays an important role in the(More)
OBJECTIVES The epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) is an important step in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. A critical molecular feature of this process is the downregulation of the E-cadherin expression, which is primarily controlled by Snail-related zinc-finger transcription factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of(More)
OBJECTIVES The epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) is an important step in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. A critical molecular feature of this process is the downregulation of E-cadherin expression, which is mainly controlled by Snail-related zinc-finger transcription factors (Snail and Slug). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the biological correlation between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C expression and invasive phenotype in ovarian carcinomas. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Gene and protein expression levels of VEGF-C in 10 ovarian carcinoma cell lines were correlated with invasive activity of the cells. The correlation between immunohistochemical(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial zinc finger 1 (Vezf1) is a recently identified zinc finger transcription factor that is expressed in endothelial cells (ECs) during vascular development in mouse embryo. Here, we present that Vezf1 was expressed in ECs at the site of postnatal angiogenesis. We therefore examined whether Vezf1 was involved in the regulation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Topotecan, a novel topoisomerase-1 inhibitor, is a drug that appears to be effective against platinum-resistant ovarian cancers. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Topotecan treatment inhibits cancer cell proliferation are unclear. We investigated whether Topotecan increases the efficacy of Cisplatin in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer(More)
OBJECTIVES We herein assessed the influence of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) gene mutations on EGFR expression levels, downstream mediators such as Akt or ERK, and overall survival in patients with ovarian cancer. STUDY DESIGN EGFR mutation status was analyzed by direct sequencing in 102 Japanese ovarian cancer patients. The EGFR expression,(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a central role in tumor angiogenesis and is regarded as a promising therapeutic target. We hypothesized that treatment with bevacizumab, a humanized recombinant anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, could enhance antitumor response to cisplatin and prolong survival in a murine ovarian cancer model. (More)
Although there is growing evidence that estrogens promote tumor progression in epithelial ovarian cancer, the molecular mechanisms accounting for this are still unclear. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) mimic estrogen action in certain tissues while opposing it in others. The molecular mechanisms of the effects of SERMs such as raloxifene on(More)