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PURPOSE To investigate the biological correlation between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C expression and invasive phenotype in ovarian carcinomas. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Gene and protein expression levels of VEGF-C in 10 ovarian carcinoma cell lines were correlated with invasive activity of the cells. The correlation between immunohistochemical(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the biological significance of single nucleotide polymorphism at codon 72 of the p53 gene in the development of gynecological cancer. METHODS p53 codon 72 polymorphism was examined in a total of 354 blood samples from 95 normal, 83 cervical, 108 endometrial and 68 ovarian cancer cases using polymerase chain reaction and(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a central role in tumor angiogenesis and is regarded as a promising therapeutic target. We hypothesized that treatment with bevacizumab, a humanized recombinant anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, could enhance antitumor response to cisplatin and prolong survival in a murine ovarian cancer model. (More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVES G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) is a 7-transmembrane estrogen receptor that functions alongside traditional estrogen receptors to regulate the cellular responses to estrogen. Recent studies suggest that GPR30 expression is associated with a poor prognosis, and that this is due to the GPR30-mediated transactivation of the EGFR(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphism at -670 of Fas gene promoter (A/G) was examined in a total of 354 blood samples from normal healthy women and gynecological cancer patients. They consisted of 95 normal, 83 cervical, 108 endometrial, and 68 ovarian cancer cases. Eighty-three patients with cervical cancer had statistically higher frequency of GG genotype and G(More)
OBJECTIVE A current working model for the metastatic process of ovarian carcinoma suggests that cancer cells are shed from the ovarian tumor into the peritoneal cavity and attach to the layer of mesothelial cells that line the inner surface of the peritoneum, and several studies suggest that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) plays an important role in the(More)
The correlation between thymidine phosphorylase (dThdPase) expression and invasion phenotype in human uterine cervical carcinoma cells was investigated using 10 cervical carcinoma cell lines. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to investigate the mRNA levels of dThdPase and matrix metalloproteinase(More)
OBJECTIVES The epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) is an important step in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. A critical molecular feature of this process is the downregulation of E-cadherin expression, which is mainly controlled by Snail-related zinc-finger transcription factors (Snail and Slug). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic(More)
BACKGROUND Choriocarcinomas unrelated to pregnancy, teratomas, or germ cell tumors have been found in the stomach, lungs, colon, esophagus, bladder, breast, renal pelvis and other sites. CASE We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with endometrial carcinoma with choriocarcinomatous differentiation. She received surgery and chemotherapy for endometrial(More)
AIM This is the first report to determine the feasibility and safety of total laparoscopic modified radical hysterectomy (TLMRH) in the treatment of presumed stage I endometrial cancer. METHODS This was a retrospective study of 132 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for early endometrial cancer. Thirty-nine patients underwent TLMRH and bilateral(More)