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Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib (PHP-Ib) is a paternally imprinted disorder which maps to a region on chromosome 20q13.3 that comprises GNAS1 at its telomeric boundary. Exon A/B of this gene was recently shown to display a loss of methylation in several PHP-Ib patients. In nine unrelated PHP-Ib kindreds, in whom haplotype analysis and mode of inheritance(More)
Although the actions of GH on osteoblasts have been extensively investigated, its effects on osteoclasts remain unknown. In the present study, the effects of GH on bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation were examined in vitro. Bovine GH (bGH; 1-100 ng/ml) significantly stimulated bone resorption by preexistent osteoclasts in stromal cell-containing(More)
Several lines of evidence have previously indicated that estrogen inhibits PTH-induced bone resorption in vivo and in vitro. However, its mechanism remains unknown. Therefore, the present study was performed to investigate the effect of estrogen on PTH-stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation and clarify its mechanism. 17 beta-estradiol (17 beta-E2)(More)
Although the action of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) on osteoblast differentiation has been extensively investigated, its effect on osteoclast differentiation remains unknown. In the present study, in vitro effects of BMP-2 on osteoclast-like cell formation and bone resorption were examined. BMP-2 (1-100 ng/ml) significantly stimulated bone resorption by(More)
Statins stimulate bone formation partly by inducing osteoblast differentiation, although there is controversy about the effects of statins on bone mineral density and fracture risk. Several studies have revealed that statins suppress bone resorption. However, the mechanism by which statins inhibit bone resorption is still unclear. The present study was(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) stimulates osteoblast proliferation directly or indirectly through IGF-I action, but its effects on osteoclast formation and osteoclastic activity are unknown. We tested the effects of IGFBP-5 on osteoclastic activity and osteoclast formation. IGFBP-5 significantly stimulated pit formation by(More)
Although it has recently been suggested that high extracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](e)) inhibits osteoclast function via a calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in mature osteoclasts, the role of CaSR in the regulation of osteoclast formation remains unknown. The present study was performed to investigate whether osteoclast precursor cells possess CaSR and to(More)
Although an excess of glucocorticoid induces secondary osteoporosis, the mechanism still remains unclear, particularly in regard to glucocorticoid-stimulated bone resorption. We examined the effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on osteoclast-like cell formation and bone-resorbing activity by employing mouse bone and spleen cell cultures and further investigated(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is an important local regulator in bone. The present study was performed to investigate the effect of PGE2 on osteoclast-like cell formation and bone-resorbing activity of mature osteoclasts in the presence or absence of osteoblasts, PGE2 (10(-8) to 10(-6) M) significantly stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation in(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, osteoprotegerin (OPG)/osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OCIF) has been shown to inhibit osteoclast differentiation. On the other hand, we have reported that parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulated osteoclast formation, presumably through a PTH-responsive cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) pathway, in mouse bone cells. DESIGN AND(More)