Masanori Kaido

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RNA silencing or post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in plants is known as a defense system against virus infection. Several plant viruses have been shown to encode an RNA silencing suppressor. Using a green fluorescent protein-based transient suppression assay, we show that NSs protein of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) has RNA silencing suppressor(More)
Transgenic tobacco plants (V123 plants) expressing a set of full-length brome mosaic virus (BMV) genomic RNAs from the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter were produced. The accumulation level of BMV RNAs in V123 plant cells was approximately 1% of that in nontransgenic tobacco protoplasts inoculated with BMV RNAs. The level of BMV RNA in V123 protoplasts(More)
The 3a movement protein (MP) plays a central role in the movement of Brome mosaic virus (BMV). To identify the functional regions in BMV MP, 24 alanine-scanning (AS) MP mutants of BMV were constructed. Infectivity of the AS mutants in the host plant Chenopodium quinoa showed that the central region of BMV MP is important for viral movement and both termini(More)
We succeeded in producing human gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in tobacco protoplasts in quantity using genetically engineered brome mosaic virus (BMV strain ATCC66). This strain of BMV produces two types of coat protein, a full-length coat protein (20K) and a truncated coat protein (19K) which are translated from the first and second initiation codons,(More)
 Brome mosaic virus (BMV) requires the coat protein (CP) for cell-to-cell movement whereas Cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV), from the same genus, does not. Chimeric viruses created by exchanging the movement protein (MP) gene between the viruses can move from cell to cell. We show that interference in CP expression impaired the movement of the chimeric(More)
 Spring beauty latent virus (SBLV), a bromovirus, systemically and efficiently infected Arabidopsis thaliana, whereas the well-studied bromoviruses brome mosaic virus (BMV) and cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) did not infect and poorly infected A. thaliana, respectively. We constructed biologically active cDNA clones of SBLV genomic RNAs and determined(More)
Positive-strand RNA viruses use diverse mechanisms to regulate viral and host gene expression for ensuring their efficient proliferation or persistence in the host. We found that a small viral noncoding RNA (0.4 kb), named SR1f, accumulated in Red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV)-infected plants and protoplasts and was packaged into virions. The genome(More)
Eukaryotic positive-strand RNA viruses replicate using the membrane-bound replicase complexes, which contain multiple viral and host components. Virus infection induces the remodeling of intracellular membranes. Virus-induced membrane structures are thought to increase the local concentration of the components that are required for replication and provide a(More)
Programmed -1 ribosomal frameshifting (-1 PRF) is one viral translation strategy to express overlapping genes in positive-strand RNA viruses. Red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV) uses this strategy to express its replicase component protein p88. In this study, we used a cell-free translation system to map cis-acting RNA elements required for -1 PRF. Our(More)
The genome of Red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV) consists of RNA1 and RNA2, both lacking a cap structure and a poly(A)tail. RNA1 has a translational enhancer element (3'TE-DR1) in the 3' untranslated region (UTR). In this study, we analyzed the roles of 5' and 3' UTRs of RNA1 in 3'TE-DR1-mediated cap-independent translation in cowpea and tobacco BY-2(More)