Masanori Horike

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Adolescent asthmatic subjects have been shown to be much more sensitive than healthy adolescents to the inhaled effects of sulfur dioxide. To test whether similar adolescent asthmatics are more sensitive to other common ambient air pollutants, 10 healthy and 10 asthmatic adolescent subjects were exposed for 60 min to filtered air, 0.12 ppm ozone (O3), and(More)
Recently we reported statistically significant changes in pulmonary functional measurements in asthmatic adolescents exposed at rest or during exercise. To demonstrate whether those results were due to the subjects' adolescence, or more likely, to their diagnosis of asthma, we repeated identical exposures in healthy adolescents. The changes after exposure(More)
Ten adolescent subjects with extrinsic asthma and exercise-induced bronchospasm were studied. The subjects were exposed for 30 min at rest followed by 10 min during moderate exercise on a treadmill to either 100 micrograms/m3 sodium chloride (NaCl) or 100 micrograms/m3 sulfuric acid (H2SO4) droplet aerosols. All exposures were at approximately 75% relative(More)
Ten allergic subjects with exercise-induced bronchospasm were studied to determine whether albuterol could prevent sulfur dioxide (SO2)-induced bronchoconstriction. Albuterol or placebo (180 micrograms) were administered by metered-dose inhaler 20 minutes before a 10-minute exposure to SO2 or clean air during moderate exercise on a treadmill at an exercise(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the validity of a state-of-the-art computerized planimetry technique for estimation of total lung capacity (TLC) from chest radiographs, when applied to patients with clinical lung disease receiving routine chest radiographs. DESIGN Retrospective clinical survey. SETTING An occupational medicine diagnostic clinic. PATIENTS(More)
Ten adolescent subjects with extrinsic asthma were exposed during intermittent exercise to filtered air, 0.5 ppm of sulfur dioxide (SO2), or 100 micrograms/m3 of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) on 5 separate days. The purpose of the study was to compare changes in nasal power (the work of nose breathing) with pulmonary functional changes depending on the route of(More)
The effects of inhaled sulfur dioxide (SO2) on pulmonary function in nine adolescent subjects with extrinsic asthma were studied. The exposure modes, inhaled via a mouthpiece, were (1) 1 mg/m3 sodium chloride solution droplet aerosol (NaCl); (2) 0.5 ppm SO2 + NaCl; or (3) 1.0 ppm SO2 + NaCl. All exposures were at greater than or equal to 75% relative(More)
Glucuronidation of 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 has been investigated in in vitro and in vivo experiments. Three positional isomers of 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 monoglucuronide were synthesized from 24,25-dihydroxyprovitamin D3 derivatives with Koenigs-Knorr reaction and used as standard samples. In the presence of the rat liver microsomal fraction and(More)
We investigated the validity of seismic site response characteristics estimated from microtremors by comparing them with those of earthquake motions. For this purpose we observed microtremors as well as earthquake motions using large (5-km diameter) and small (0.5-km diameter) arrays deployed on soft sediments. Specifically, we examined four estimates from(More)